Studies In Luke By Brian A. Yeager

"That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth..." (Proverbs 22:21).

Luke Chapter Six | Studies In Luke By Brian A. Yeager

Study Notes For Luke Chapter Six

Luke 6:1 “And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.”

  • The second sabbath is defined as: “Second-first, i.e. (specially) a designation of the Sabbath immediately after the Paschal week (being the second after Passover day, and the first of the seven Sabbaths intervening before Pentecost): — second ... after the first” (Strong’s # 1207).
  • There were instructions for Israel to number the Sabbath Days (Leviticus 23:15-22).
  • There was authority, under the Law of Moses, to eat from the crops of a neighbor (Deuteronomy 23:24-25).
  • Under the Law of Moses, there were provisions for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow (Deuteronomy 24:19-22).
  • The reason they plucked the corn is that they were hungry (Matthew 12:1).

Luke 6:2 “And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?”

  • Under the Law of Moses there were great consequences for violating the Sabbath (Exodus 31:14-15 and Numbers 15:32-36).
  • Yet, the Law of Moses was no longer in full effect (Matthew 11:13 and Luke 16:16).
  • Like we saw in chapter five (Luke 5:17-39), the Pharisees sought to catch Jesus and bring accusations against Him (Matthew 22:15, Mark 12:13, and Luke 11:53-54).
  • They were stuck in their traditions (Mark 7:1-13).
  • Ultimately, their ways turned them to the plot to kill Jesus (John 11:45-53).

Luke 6:3-4 “(3)  And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; (4)  How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?”

  • Have ye not read (Matthew 19:1-12, Matthew 22:23-33, Mark 12:1-12, and Luke 10:25-37).
  • What David did (I Samuel 21:1-9).
  • Only lawful for the priest to eat (Leviticus 24:5-9).
  • There is more of a lesson to this than what Luke recorded (Matthew 12:1-8).
  • “And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath” (Mark 2:27; cf. Genesis 2:1-3, Exodus 23:12, and Deuteronomy 5:14).
  • They were using the Law of Moses unlawfully (I Timothy 1:3-11).
  • They missed the Law vs. the intent of the Law (John 7:12-24; cf. John 5:1-18).
  • Another lesson, as recorded by Matthew; mercy, and not sacrifice (Matthew 12:7; cf. Proverbs 21:3, Isaiah 1:10-18, Hosea 6:6, and Micah 6:6-8).

Luke 6:5 “And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.”

  • Jesus’ authority over the Sabbath is without question (John 5:17-27, Luke 10:22, Acts 10:36, Ephesians 1:19-23, Colossians 1:12-20, and I Peter 3:21-22).

Luke 6:6 “And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.”

  • It was the custom of Jesus to go to the synagogue on the Sabbath (Luke 4:16). This is an opportunity to teach that He often sought out (Luke 13:10).
  • Jesus sought the opportunity of teaching in public places know for the Jews to come to hear the word of God (John 18:20).
  • A man with a withered hand tied to a miracle should bring someone with knowledge of the prophets to Jeroboam (I Kings 13:1-10).

Luke 6:7 “And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.”

  • Wicked people are trap setters (Psalms 119:110 and Jeremiah 5:26-29).
  • As we noted on vs. 2, we have seen (Luke 5:21, Luke 5:30, and Luke 5:33) and will continue to see (Luke 11:53-54 and Luke 20:20); Jesus has enemies watching Him and listening to Him to find fault.
  • The Psalmist said he kept his mouth with a bridle while the wicked was before him (Psalms 39:1). That makes a lot of sense.

Luke 6:8 “But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.”

  • As we have seen in the previous chapter (Luke 5:22), Jesus knows their thoughts (John 2:23-25).
  • Jesus knowing their thoughts is a testimony to His being deity (I Chronicles 28:9, Psalms 44:21, Psalms 139:4-6, and Jeremiah 23:24).
  • Jesus put this man in the middle. He set up a display of what He was going to do (cf. Isaiah 45:19 and Acts 26:19-26).

This study is a work in progress. Check back weekly for updates.

© 1999-2022 Words of Truth is edited and published by Brian A. Yeager. No one has the right to sell or edit this material!