Study Notes For Luke Chapter Six
Luke 6:1 “And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.”
- The second sabbath is defined as: “Second-first, i.e. (specially) a designation of the Sabbath immediately after the Paschal week (being the second after Passover day, and the first of the seven Sabbaths intervening before Pentecost): — second ... after the first” (Strong’s # 1207).
- There were instructions for Israel to number the Sabbath Days (Leviticus 23:15-22).
- There was authority, under the Law of Moses, to eat from the crops of a neighbor (Deuteronomy 23:24-25).
- Under the Law of Moses, there were provisions for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow (Deuteronomy 24:19-22).
- The reason they plucked the corn is that they were hungry (Matthew 12:1).
Luke 6:2 “And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?”
- Under the Law of Moses there were great consequences for violating the Sabbath (Exodus 31:14-15 and Numbers 15:32-36).
- Yet, the Law of Moses was no longer in full effect (Matthew 11:13 and Luke 16:16).
- Like we saw in chapter five (Luke 5:17-39), the Pharisees sought to catch Jesus and bring accusations against Him (Matthew 22:15, Mark 12:13, and Luke 11:53-54).
- They were stuck in their traditions (Mark 7:1-13).
- Ultimately, their ways turned them to the plot to kill Jesus (John 11:45-53).
Luke 6:3-4 “(3) And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; (4) How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?”
- Have ye not read (Matthew 19:1-12, Matthew 22:23-33, Mark 12:1-12, and Luke 10:25-37).
- What David did (I Samuel 21:1-9).
- Only lawful for the priest to eat (Leviticus 24:5-9).
- There is more of a lesson to this than what Luke recorded (Matthew 12:1-8).
- “And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath” (Mark 2:27; cf. Genesis 2:1-3, Exodus 23:12, and Deuteronomy 5:14).
- They were using the Law of Moses unlawfully (I Timothy 1:3-11).
- They missed the Law vs. the intent of the Law (John 7:12-24; cf. John 5:1-18).
- Another lesson, as recorded by Matthew; mercy, and not sacrifice (Matthew 12:7; cf. Proverbs 21:3, Isaiah 1:10-18, Hosea 6:6, and Micah 6:6-8).
Luke 6:5 “And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.”
- Jesus’ authority over the Sabbath is without question (John 5:17-27, Luke 10:22, Acts 10:36, Ephesians 1:19-23, Colossians 1:12-20, and I Peter 3:21-22).
Luke 6:6 “And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.”
- It was the custom of Jesus to go to the synagogue on the Sabbath (Luke 4:16). This is an opportunity to teach that He often sought out (Luke 13:10).
- Jesus sought the opportunity of teaching in public places know for the Jews to come to hear the word of God (John 18:20).
- A man with a withered hand tied to a miracle should bring someone with knowledge of the prophets to Jeroboam (I Kings 13:1-10).
Luke 6:7 “And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.”
- Wicked people are trap setters (Psalms 119:110 and Jeremiah 5:26-29).
- As we noted on vs. 2, we have seen (Luke 5:21, Luke 5:30, and Luke 5:33) and will continue to see (Luke 11:53-54 and Luke 20:20); Jesus has enemies watching Him and listening to Him to find fault.
- The Psalmist said he kept his mouth with a bridle while the wicked was before him (Psalms 39:1). That makes a lot of sense.
Luke 6:8 “But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.”
- As we have seen in the previous chapter (Luke 5:22), Jesus knows their thoughts (John 2:23-25).
- Jesus knowing their thoughts is a testimony to His being deity (I Chronicles 28:9, Psalms 44:21, Psalms 139:4-6, and Jeremiah 23:24).
- Jesus put this man in the middle. He set up a display of what He was going to do (cf. Isaiah 45:19 and Acts 26:19-26).
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