Study Notes For Luke Chapter Five
Luke 5:1 “And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret,”
- “Pressed upon” [ἐπίκειμαι] meaning: “To rest upon (literally or figuratively): — impose, be instant, (be) laid (there-, up-)on, (when) lay (on), lie (on), press upon. To lie upon or over, rest upon, be laid or placed upon; on the burning coals; metaph. of things, of the pressure of a violent tempest; of men, to press upon, to be urgent” (Strong’s # 1945). Otherwise translated as “instant” (Luke 23:23), “lay” (John 11:38), “laid thereon” (John 21:9), “lay on” (Acts 27:20), “laid upon” (I Corinthians 9:16), and “imposed” (Hebrews 9:10).
- The crowded scene is liken to other times (Mark 3:9, Mark 5:24, and Luke 12:1). * “Throng” in Mark 3:9 means: “to crowd (literally or figuratively): — afflict, narrow, throng, suffer tribulation, trouble” (Strong’s # 2346). “Thronged” (Mark 5:24) is from that same Greek word simply meaning to crowd on all sides (Strong’s # 4918).
- By implication, they wanted to hear the word of God and that in itself is great (Proverbs 18:15, Isaiah 55:1-9, and Acts 13:7).
- There had been a drought of the word of God prior to John coming to preach as was prophesied of old (Ezekiel 7:26, Amos 8:11-12, and Micah 3:6-7).
- A desire to hear does not necessarily mean a desire to obey (Ezekiel 33:30-33, Luke 23:6-12, John 8:37 and Acts 28:17-31).
- There are much shorter accounts of this context in Matthew (Matthew 4:12-17) and Mark (Mark 1:16-20).
Luke 5:2-3 “And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon's, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.”
- Interestingly, as at least another time, Jesus wants to teach from the boat off of the coast (Matthew 13:1-2 and Mark 4:1-2).
- Jesus being in a ship did not prevent people from seeking Him (Mark 5:21-23).
Luke 5:4-7 “ Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught. And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net. And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake. And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink.”
- After Jesus ended His public teaching, he tells Peter to launch the ship. Simon is Peter (Matthew 4:18, Matthew 10:2, Matthew 16:13-18, and Mark 3:16).
- The word translated “drought” means: “a catching (of fish); also (concretely) a haul (of fish): — draught…” (Strong’s # 61).
- Peter’s reference to Jesus as Master means something. This Greek term [ἐπιστάτης], which is not always the same Greek term translated “master” means: “An appointee over, i.e. commander (teacher): — master. Any sort of superintendent or overseer” (Strong’s # 1988). Luke is the only writer to use this term (Luke 8:24, Luke 8:45, Luke 9:33, Luke 9:49, and Luke 17:13). Most often, when the term “master” appears in the N.T. referencing a teacher it is “διδάσκαλος”. It is more general meaning as an instructor, doctor, teacher, etc. (Strong’s # 1320). It used by writers referencing Jesus (Matthew 9:11), teachers in the temple (Luke 2:46), John the Baptizer (Luke 3:12), various teachers (Acts 13:1), teachers among the local body (I Corinthians 12:28), Paul the Apostle (I Timothy 2:7), etc.
- Though their fishing had been fruitless, Peter followed our Lord’s instructions and let down the net. This obedience is good right from the jump of this relationship (Luke 6:46-49 and Romans 2:13).
- Surprise! Surprise! They caught fish, a lot of fish, at the command of Jesus (Matthew 8:23-27, Matthew 17:24-27, and John 21:1-14).
- Their partners [James and John; vs. 10] had to come help and they had so many fish that both ships were filled to the point they began to sink. The point being a “notable miracle” so it could not be denied (cf. Acts 4:16).
Luke 5:8-9 “When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord. For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken.”
- Simon fell down at Jesus’ knees as a reaction to the miracle he just observed. The falling down there means: “to fall towards, i.e. (gently) prostrate oneself (in supplication or homage), or (violently) to rush upon (in storm): — beat upon, fall (down) at (before)… (Strong’s # 4363). It is otherwise translated as “beat upon” (Matthew 7:25), “fell down before” (Mark 3:11, Mark 5:33, Luke 8:47, and Acts 16:29), and “fell at His feet” (Mark 7:25).
- Think about what John did falling at the feet of Jesus (Revelation 1:9-20).
- Think about WHY Peter felt Jesus should depart from him [I am a sinful man] (cf. Isaiah 6:1-13 and Luke 15:11-32).
- Even if he did not perceive himself as a sinful man (Matthew 8:5-13 and Mark 1:7).
- The word translated “astonished” [περιέχω] means: “to hold all around, i.e. include, clasp (figuratively): — + astonished, contain, after (this manner). To surround, encompass; to contain: of the subject-matter, contents, of a writing; to take possession of, to seize” (Strong’s #4023). Otherwise translated as “after” (Acts 23:25) and “contained” (I Peter 2:6). For word studies: Θάμβος was astonished [g2285] γὰρ For [g1063] περιέσχεν (was astonished) [g4023] αὐτὸνhe [g0846] καὶand [g2532] πάνταςall [g3956] τοὺς- [g3588] σὺν that were [g4862] αὐτῷ,with him [g0846\ ἐπὶat [g1909] τῇ- [g3588] ἄγρᾳthe draught [g0061] τῶν- [g3588] ἰχθύων of the fishes [g2486] ᾗwhich [g3739] συνέλαβον·they had taken [g4815]
Luke 5:10 “And so was also James, and John, the sons of Zebedee, which were partners with Simon. And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men.”
- Going forward, we will see a close relationship between Jesus, Peter, James, and John (Luke 8:49-56, Luke 9:28-36, and Mark 14:32-42).
- We know Peter had a special place with Jesus (Luke 22:31-32 and John 21:15-19).
- Enough of a relationship that James and John sought a special place with Jesus (Mark 10:35-45). There mother is recorded as requested such too (Matthew 20:20-28).
- Later, these three seem to be pillars (Galatians 2:9).
- Fear not (Luke 12:1-7 and Acts 27:15-25).
- There was a purpose - they will catch men (Mark 1:17; cf. Matthew 28:16-20, Mark 16:14-20, Luke 24:44-49, Acts 2:41-42, etc.).
Luke 5:11 “And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.”
- Luke 9:57-62, Luke 14:25-33, Luke 18:18-30, and Philippians 3:3-21
- Are all Christians required to forsake all and go? No! Priscilla and Aquila were faithful saints that had a business and a home that was even used for the congregation there to assemble in (Acts 18:1-3 and Romans 16:3-5). Philemon had a home, servants, etc. and yet was a faithful brother (Philemon 1:1-25). Lydia owned a business and had a home, yet when converted was never told to forsake it all. The fact is, she was hospitable after her conversion and then again later towards Paul and Silas (Acts 16:13-15 and Acts 16:40).
- Peter and the Apostles were unlike any of us. They were going to take over the work of Christ, as His ambassadors (II Corinthians 5:18-20). They, being directly led by the Holy Spirit (John 16:1-13, Acts 16:1-10, I Corinthians 2:1-13, Galatians 1:6-12, etc.) were going to take the Gospel into the whole world (again; Mark 16:14-20).
- Evangelists, whom were/are not Apostles, did some traveling and teaching. However, they ultimately were permitted to have homes in a certain location (Acts 8:26-40 and Acts 21:8).
- There are things saints are expected to do that require us to have a place we call home and stable funds (Luke 10:25-37, Romans 12:13, I Corinthians 11:22; 11:34, I Corinthians 16:1-4, Colossians 4:15, II Thessalonians 3:10, I Timothy 5:8, I Timothy 6:17-18, I Peter 4:9, etc.).
Luke 5:12 “And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.”
- Leprosy among the children of Israel (Leviticus 13:1-14:57 and Numbers 5:1-4). *More on this in verse 14.
- A leper would certainly look for mercy from the Lord (Luke 17:11-19).
- Thinking about his falling on his face - reverence (Genesis 17:1-3, Genesis 17:17, Revelation 7:11, and Revelation 11:16).
- In Matthew’s account, the word “worshipped” is used (Matthew 8:1-4).
- He besought [made request; word that can mean prayer; Acts 4:31] with Jesus that if Jesus wilt to make him clean (I John 5:13-15).
- We know it was, then, the will of Jesus to cleanse lepers (Matthew 10:5-8 and Matthew 11:1-5). It proved who He was (Acts 2:22). Thus, the next verse is not a big surprise.
Luke 5:13 “And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.”
- Jesus had a healing touch (Luke 22:47-53).
- He didn’t even necessarily have to initiate contact (Luke 8:40-48).
- Of course, healings did not require Him to touch or even be present to heal (Matthew 8:5-13).
- The healing was immediate (Matthew 20:29-34, Mark 10:46-52, Luke 4:38-41, Luke 13:10-13, John 5:1-9, and Acts 3:1-7).
Luke 5:14 “And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.”
- Rather than talking about his cleaning with others (more on this in verse 15), Jesus instructed Him to follow the law of Moses and go to the priest (Leviticus 13:1-14:57 [as noted in notes on verse 12]; cf. Deuteronomy 24:8-9).
- Lepers were put out of the camp (Numbers 12:1-16) as we briefly discussed in the notes on verse 12.
- As we read in the previous chapter of Luke, there were many lepers in Israel during the time of Elisha (Luke 4:27).
- Uzziah the king was a made to be a leper and he dwelt in a several [separate] house until death (II Chronicles 26:16-23).
- As the notes on verse twelve stated, there is another occasion with the same instruction to go show themselves to the priest (Luke 17:11-19).
- For a testimony [something evidential; evidence given; witness (Strong’s # 3142)] to them (Mark 1:44).
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