Study Notes For Luke Chapter Four
Luke 4:1 “And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,”
- In the previous chapter we read: “And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him…” (Luke 3:22).
- The work of the Spirit in/through Jesus (Luke 4:14, Luke 4:18 [cf. Isaiah 11:1-5], and John 3:22-36).
- Jesus never claimed to do things of Himself. In fact, He said He didn’t (John 5:19; 5:30; John 8:28-30).
- What does this mean about the hierarchy of the Father, Son, and the Spirit? The Son is subject to the Father (John 4:34, John 6:38, John 7:16, and I Corinthians 11:3). The Spirit was sent by the Son to glorify Him (John 15:23-27 and John 16:4-15).
- Does the work of the Spirit in/through Christ mean He was just a man? No, (Isaiah 9:6-7 [cf. Luke 1:31-33], Matthew 1:23, John 8:56-58 [cf. Exodus 3:13-15], Romans 9:1-5, I Timothy 3:16, and Hebrews 1:8-9).
- Jesus was “led by the Spirit” (Romans 8:14 and Galatians 5:18). That is literal (Luke 2:25-27 and Acts 16:1-10).
- The work of the Spirit in Christ was not unlike what prophets of old experienced (II Peter 1:20-21).
- Think about why (Numbers 16:28; cf. John 8:28-29).
- Consider the wording of Mark’s account (Mark 1:9-13).
Luke 4:2 “Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.”
- The word translated “tempted” here means: “to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline: — assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try. To try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavour to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quantity, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself; in a good sense; in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments; to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; to solicit to sin, to tempt; of the temptations of the devil. After the OT usage of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith; men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections” (Strong’s # 3985).
- Jesus was tempted like as we are, yet without sin (Hebrews 2:16-18 and Hebrews 4:14-5:10).
- Jesus never sinned (Hebrews 7:26-28, Hebrews 9:28, I Peter 2:21-25, and I John 3:1-5).
- Jesus went through testing times at the hands of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, lawyers, etc. (Matthew 16:1-12, Matthew 19:1-12, Matthew 22:15-46, and John 8:1-11).
- The “devil” is Satan (Revelation 12:9).
- The word “tempted” doesn’t always mean there is an attempt being made to cause someone to sin. Jesus asked questions to “prove” [same Greek term] His disciples (John 6:1-6). He did not do so to tempt them to sin (James 1:13). This same term is used in teaching saints to spiritually “examine” ourselves (II Corinthians 13:5).
- He was hungry. What did Israel do when they were hungry (Exodus 16:1-3)?
- Satan, prior to being bound (Revelation 20:1-10), was the tempter (Matthew 4:1-3, I Thessalonians 3:1-5, and I Peter 5:8-9).
Luke 4:3 “And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.”
- The devil’s knowledge of who Jesus is was certain (Luke 10:17-20).
- The devil had his angels (Matthew 25:41 and Revelation 12:9) and they knew and confessed Jesus (Matthew 8:28-29, Luke 4:40-41, Acts 16:16-18, and Acts 19:11-17).
- Consider the goal of Satan. What if Jesus could be tempted to be proud, to put on a show for Satan (Proverbs 11:2, Proverbs 16:18, Proverbs 29:23, Obadiah 1:1-3, and Mark 7:21-23).
- Pride was not in the Lord’s character (Proverbs 8:13 and Matthew 11:28-30).
- The things Satan is tempting Jesus with is not of the Father (I John 2:15-17).
- Jesus is being “called out”, provoked here as He was by others later (Luke 11:53-54).
- Think about a qualification of an elder here (I Timothy 3:6).
- What would be wrong with Jesus making a stone turn to bread? Nothing, if done with the right motives. The right motive would have been to prove to someone teachable (Acts 2:22; cf. John 6:1-71), not to someone who already knows and is just poking at you.
- In regard to miracles, remember that they did not exist to the self-service of anyone (II Corinthians 12:1-10). The purpose was confirmation (Mark 16:15-20 and Hebrews 2:1-4).
Luke 4:4 “And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.”
- Instead of Jesus being provoked to answer the devil’s challenge in a sinful manner, He simply refers to what is written (Deuteronomy 8:1-3).
- He did not get caught up in jesting [witticism] (Ephesians 5:3-4).
- He did not enter into a lengthy debate (Romans 1:28-32, II Corinthians 12:19-20, Galatians 2:1-5, and Titus 3:9).
- Consider the power and flawlessness of this answer (Isaiah 8:20).
- Consider the credibility Jesus has in His approach as He later teaches not to be worried about carnal needs to His disciples (Luke 12:13-34).
- Living by the word of God (Psalms 119:50, Psalms 119:93, John 6:63, Acts 13:26, I Thessalonians 2:13, and II Timothy 3:14-17).
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