Studies In Haggai By Brian A. Yeager

"That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth..." (Proverbs 22:21).

Studies In Haggai

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Haggai 2:1-23

1. What questions did God have Haggai ask the people on the twenty-first day of the seventh month?
“(1)  In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying, (2)  Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying, (3)  Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing” (Haggai 2:1-3)?

  • We concluded the previous chapter with the 24th day of the sixth month (Haggai 1:15).
  • Zerubbabel and Joshua (Ezra 4:1-3 and Zechariah 4:8-9).
  • Not just to them, but the residue of the people were addressed as such was the work of prophets (Jeremiah 7:2 and Jeremiah 26:2).
  • There were some left that saw the temple before destruction (Ezra 3:8-12).
  • What they saw now was a destroyed temple (Ezra 5:12; cf. II Kings 25:8-9).
  • Remember what the temple meant to the people (Psalms 84:1-12).

2. Had God separated Himself from His people at this time?
No, He was with them so they did not have to fear:
“(4)  Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts: (5)  According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not” (Haggai 2:4-5).

  • Why they needed to be strong was that they were under attack (Ezra 4:4-24).
  • To finish the temple, strength was required of all the people (Zechariah 8:9).
  • God’s messengers, His leaders; needed to be strong to lead (Deuteronomy 31:23, Joshua 1:6-9, and II Timothy 2:1-4).
  • God was with them and that was reason not to fear (Judges 2:18, Joshua 10:8, and Psalms 118:6).
  • Back to the covenant (Exodus 29:45-46) which was conditional (Exodus 19:5, Exodus 23:22, Deuteronomy 11:22-32, and I Samuel 12:14-15).

3. Was the rebuilt temple going to have the glory that once was there?
The rebuilt temple was going to have a greater glory:
“(6)  For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; (7)  And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. (8)  The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. (9)  The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts” (Haggai 2:6-9).

  • Latter in this chapter we see the nations overthrown (Haggai 2:21-22; cf. Isaiah 13:1-29:24).
  • The imagery of the shake of the heavens and the earth (Joel 3:16; cf. Hebrews 12:25-26).
  • That which is desirable, from the shaken nations, coming was in reference to things brought back into the reconstruction of the temple (Ezra 1:4, Ezra 5:14, Ezra 6:5, Ezra 7:12-23, Ezra 8:24-32, and Isaiah 60:13). Remember, the “goodly” (same Hebrew word as “desire”) items of the temple were taken by Nebuchadnezzar (II Chronicles 36:10).
  • God said that silver and gold is mine (Psalms 24:1).
  • More glorious than what Solomon built. Peace from God (Jeremiah 29:10-14).

4. Did the priests have an understanding of things that were unclean according to the law?
“(10)  In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying, (11)  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,
(12)  If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No. (13)  Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean”
(Haggai 2:10-13).

  • The priests becoming unclean through contact of unclean things (Leviticus 5:1-13, Leviticus 7:19, Leviticus 7:21, Leviticus 22:6, etc.).

5. What point was God leading the priest to understand regarding unclean things?
That the people and their sacrifices were unclean:
“Then answered Haggai, and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith the LORD; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there is unclean” (Haggai 2:14).

  • Isaiah 1:10-17, Isaiah 59:1-3, and Jeremiah 7:1-13

6. Was their punishment for their indifference towards the temple over at this point?
“(15)  And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD: (16)  Since those days were, when one came to an heap of twenty measures, there were but ten: when one came to the pressfat for to draw out fifty vessels out of the press, there were but twenty. (17)  I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith the LORD. (18)  Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, even from the day that the foundation of the LORD'S temple was laid, consider it. (19)  Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you(Haggai 2:15-19).

  • He reminded them that their efforts were fruitless when they failed to work on the temple (Haggai 1:6-11).
  • From this day that they begin to build however, they would be blessed (Leviticus 26:3-13, Proverbs 3:9-10, and Zechariah 8:11-15).

7. What was God’s message to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel?
“(20)  And again the word of the LORD came unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, (21)  Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth; (22)  And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.
(23)  In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and
will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts (Haggai 2:20-23).

  • See notes on Haggai 2:6-9
  • Zerubbabel, the governor (Haggai 1:1; 1:14; 2:2; 2:21), was a chosen one of God. As they’ve seen before (Psalms 105:26).
  • A signet, a seal; a signature ring [Strong’s # 2368]. In other words, by this they would know God did as He stated (Isaiah 46:9-10).

© 2021 This study was prepared for a Bible class with the Sunrise Acres church of Christ in El Paso, TX by Brian A. Yeager.