Studies Notes For Ephesians

(Ephesians 2)


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Ephesians 2:1 –   

      In sin, one is spiritually dead (Luke 15:11-32, Colossians 2:13, and I Timothy 5:6; cf. Luke 9:59-60).

      In Christ, one is spiritually alive (John 14:6, Romans 6:11, and Galatians 2:20).

      At the same time, there is a spiritual death and rebirth in Christ (Romans 6:3-6, Colossians 2:8-12, and Colossians 3:1-4; cf. Ephesians 4:22-24).


Ephesians 2:2 –

      They did things in the past, not the present, implying they had changed some things for the good (I Corinthians 6:9-11, Colossians 1:21, Colossians 3:6-7, and I Peter 4:3-5).

      Ephesus had a well-known problem of idolatry (Acts 19:35).

      Walking according to something means that you are following that particular thing or person (I Kings 9:4, Mark 7:5, Galatians 6:15-16, and I John 2:3-6)

      According to the course of this world (John 7:7, Romans 12:1-2, James 4:4, and I John 2:15-17).

      The prince of the power of the air has to be Satan in that the verse establishes this individual to be what works in the children of disobedience (I John 3:8-10).

      The spirit that works in the children of disobedience (Acts 5:1-10 and II Corinthians 4:3-4).

o   Figuratively (Matthew 16:21-23 and John 6:70-71).

o   Literally, in the past (Job 1:9-12, Matthew 4:1-11, and Luke 22:31-32), not now (II Peter 2:4, Jude 1:6, and Revelation 20:10).

o   Understand that Satan is our adversary (I Peter 5:8), but he is/was not making people sin (Deuteronomy 30:15-20, Proverbs 1:29-31, Acts 2:40, and Philippians 2:12).


Ephesians 2:3 –

      Prior to being in Christ, all of us were walking according to Satan (John 8:42-44).  In conversion, that changes (Acts 26:18-20).

      Prior to being in Christ, all of us were of the world (Galatians 1:3-4).

o   Being of the world is a distinction between saints and sinners (John 15:18-19, John 17:14-17, and I John 4:1-6).

      To come to God you have to willingly admit what you were (Proverbs 28:13, Daniel 9:5-12, Mark 1:5, and Acts 3:19) and leave it behind (Acts 19:18-19, Galatians 2:18, Titus 3:3-8, Hebrews 10:38-39, and II Peter 2:20-22).

      You cannot act like you never sinned when you were in the world (I John 1:8).

      Prior to being in Christ, all of us fulfilled the desires of the flesh/were carnal minded (Ephesians 4:22 and I Peter 1:18). 

      Christians stop fulfilling the desires of the flesh (Romans 13:13-14, II Corinthians 7:1, Galatians 5:24, and I Peter 2:11).

      By nature, that is of the flesh (Romans 7:18), we were children of wrath (Romans 1:18, Ephesians 5:5-6, and II Thessalonians 1:7-9).


Ephesians 2:4 –

      God is rich in mercy (Numbers 14:18, Nehemiah 1:5, Psalms 86:5, Psalms 86:15, Psalms 103:8, Psalms 103:11, Micah 7:18, Romans 9:22-23, and I Peter 1:3).

      God is great in love (Jeremiah 31:2-3, Ephesians 3:19-20, Titus 3:4, and I John 4:8-10).

      Just understand that there is a balance in God (Romans 6:23 and Romans 11:22). While merciful and loving, He is not a pushover (Psalms 7:11, Nahum 1:3-6, Matthew 25:41; 46, and II Corinthians 5:10-11).


Ephesians 2:5 –

      When dead in sins, you need the grace of God to make you alive (Romans 5:1-10).

      That does not mean that grace works to save you if you are continuing to sin (John 8:1-11, Romans 6:1-2, Galatians 2:17, Galatians 5:4, and II Timothy 2:19).

      Grace saves (Acts 15:11, Romans 6:23, and Ephesians 1:6-7).

      To be clear though, the concept of grace alone is false (Romans 5:2 and I Timothy 1:14).

o   We are saved by many things, including grace, that work together for our salvation (Matthew 13:19, Matthew 18:3, Matthew 28:18-20, Mark 16:15-16, Luke 13:3; 5, Luke 14:25-33, John 3:1-5, John 8:23-24, John 8:32, Acts 2:14-47, Acts 3:19, Acts 4:10-12, Acts 8:12-39, Acts 9:1-20, Acts 10:44-48, Acts 16:13-15, Acts 16:25-34, Acts 18:8, Acts 19:1-9, Romans 1:16, Romans 5:9-10, Romans 8:24, Romans 10:9-17, I Corinthians 1:18, I Corinthians 15:1-4, Galatians 3:27, Colossians 1:23, Colossians 2:12, II Thessalonians 2:10, Hebrews 11:1; 6, James 1:21-25, I Peter 2:1-2, I Peter 3:20, II Peter 3:10-14, etc.).

o   Noah found grace (Genesis 6:5-8), but still had to do things to be saved (Genesis 6:9-22 and Hebrews 11:7).

o   Grace has appeared to all men (Titus 2:11), but all are not saved (Luke 13:23-24).

o   If grace alone were the truth, why would there be the possibility of falling away (Luke 8:13 and I Corinthians 10:12) and the need to restore the erring (Galatians 6:1 and James 5:19-20)?

o   One could even find that grace is vain (II Corinthians 6:1).


Ephesians 2:6 –

      Hath raised us up is not forward looking, but speaking of something that these Christians had already experienced (Romans 6:3-4).

      Sitting together in heavenly places refers not to the future, but the fact that we are currently citizens of the heavenly kingdom (Ephesians 2:19, Philippians 3:20, and Hebrews 12:22-23).


Ephesians 2:7 –

      Now, in this verse, we see a forward looking as the reference is to ages to come (Ephesians 1:10 and I Timothy 6:17-19; cf. Luke 18:28-30, Ephesians 1:21, I Timothy 4:8, and Hebrews 6:4-6).

      Looking at the word translated ages doesnt really bring about a clear view of anything.  The word is broad and could mean world (Matthew 13:22), ever (Matthew 21:19), began (Luke 1:70), eternal (Ephesians 3:11), and even never (John 4:14).  There are others too.

      There have been other ages (Ephesians 3:5) and even ages [as in times or periods of times] within those ages (so to speak), of which I can hardly speak all of assuredly.  For example

o   Before the Law of Moses (Genesis 1:1 - Exodus 24:12).

o   The times of the Law of Moses (Exodus 24:12 - Acts 2:1).

  Even during this age things were changing (Matthew 3:1-17).

  Then changing more (John 3:38-36).

  Then changing more (Matthew 5:21-48).

o   The now present last days (Acts 2:14-17 and Hebrews 1:1-2).

  Even ages within these last days (I Corinthians 13:8-13).

  Even ages wherein the Gospel was limited and then opened to all as intended (Acts 10:1-11:18).

      There are all ages (Ephesians 3:21) which infers times past (Acts 14:16), present (Romans 8:18), and coming (I Thessalonians 4:13-17).

      The exceeding riches of the grace of God and His kindness through Christ are still to be seen in ages to come (John 14:1-3 and I Peter 1:3-9).


Ephesians 2:8 –

      As addressed in verse five, we are saved by grace (Titus 2:11).

      Now we have the qualifier of grace through faith (Romans 4:13-16 and Romans 5:1-2).

      The humbling factor is that no matter how much we do, we cannot earn the grace of God (II Timothy 1:8-10; cf. Luke 17:7-10).

      Grace is a gift we have the opportunity to obtain (Hebrews 4:16; cf. John 1:17 and Hebrews 2:8-9).


Ephesians 2:9 –

      In verse eight, we read not of yourselves.  Now, not of works (Romans 11:1-6 and Titus 3:5).

      That is not to say works do not save (James 2:14-26).

      Any reasonable person can see you are not saved by grace alone (Hebrews 11:6 and James 1:17-27). 

      Grace teaches works (Titus 2:11-14 and Hebrews 12:28).

      Even the next verse teaches us to do good works (Ephesians 2:10).

      The purpose of pointing out salvation is by grace is to prevent boasting (Isaiah 10:5-19, Jeremiah 9:23-24, I Corinthians 1:29 and James 4:6-10).

      For the sake of clarity, it is not grace that we will be rewarded or punished for, but our works (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14, Matthew 25:31-46, John 5:28-29, Romans 2:4-11, II Corinthians 5:10, and Galatians 6:7-9).


Ephesians 2:10 –

      We are His workmanship [thing made; formed] (John 3:21, I Corinthians 3:9, Colossians 2:6-7, II Thessalonians 2:15-17, II Timothy 2:19-21, Hebrews 3:1-6, Hebrews 13:20-21, I Peter 2:5-9, and III John 1:11).

      Created (II Corinthians 5:17) in Christ (John 17:20-23, Romans 8:1, and Galatians 3:26-29).

      Created in Christ unto good works (Matthew 5:14-16, Acts 9:36, II Corinthians 9:7-8, Colossians 1:10, I Timothy 2:9-10, I Timothy 5:9-10, I Timothy 6:17-18, II Timothy 3:16-17, Titus 2:7-8, Titus 3:8, Titus 3:14, Hebrews 10:23-25, and Revelation 2:8-11).

      We have been ordained [prepared] to walk in good works (Ephesians 5:1-2 and I John 2:3-6).


Ephesians 2:11 –

      Remember (Deuteronomy 5:15) what you once were (I Corinthians 12:2), is a great point of motivation (Deuteronomy 9:7).

      Circumcision, in the flesh, identified the difference between Jews and Gentiles (Acts 10:45).

      It was a fleshly distinction, which is no more valid (Romans 2:28-29, Galatians 5:6, Philippians 3:3-15, and Colossians 3:10-11).

      Having said that, Gentiles had the reputation of being vile (I Corinthians 10:20, Galatians 2:15, Ephesians 4:17-19, I Thessalonians 4:4-5, and I Peter 4:3).


Ephesians 2:12 –

      Gentiles were, under the Law of Moses, outsiders from the Lord and Israel (Psalms 147:19-20).

      Gentiles were not part of the covenants of promise (Deuteronomy 29:1, Acts 7:1-8, Romans 9:1-5, and Galatians 3:16-17).

      Gentiles were without hope (Acts 14:15-16).

      Gentiles were without God as He was the God of Israel (Exodus 5:1, II Kings 19:15, Psalms 68:35, and Luke 1:68).


Ephesians 2:13 –

      Now things have changed.  Gentiles, who are in Christ (Galatians 3:26-29), are no longer afar off because of the blood of Christ (Colossians 1:12-14, Colossians 1:20-29, and I Peter 1:17-25; cf. John 10:16).

      The afar off can now be saved (Acts 2:38-39 and Acts 22:18-21).


Ephesians 2:14 –

      Christ is our peace (Isaiah 9:6-7, John 16:33, Acts 10:36, Romans 5:1, and Philippians 4:7).

      Christ made Jews and Gentiles one (Colossians 3:11-14).

      Jesus took down the Law of Moses (Romans 7:1-6), which was the wall of division between Jews and Gentiles (Acts 10:28).

      Consider this, what does it mean if a Christian does not have SPIRITUAL peace (Isaiah 48:22 and Isaiah 57:21)?


Ephesians 2:15 –

      He abolished the Law in His flesh (Colossians 1:20-22; cf. Hebrews 10:1-21).

      He did not destroy the Law of Moses (Matthew 5:17-18).

      He brought in a new Law (Hebrews 9:15-17; cf. Galatians 6:1 and James 1:25).

      The bringing about of two people into one brought peace since Gods creation is one people (cf. Acts 17:24-27), as He has long desired (Psalms 86:9 and Isaiah 2:2-3).


Ephesians 2:16 –

      Jesus reconciled both Jew and Gentile unto God (Romans 5:10 and II Corinthians 5:18).

      In one body (Ephesians 3:1-6).

o   The body being the church (Ephesians 1:22-23).

o   There is but one body/church (Matthew 16:18 and Ephesians 4:1-6).

o   The opposite of reconciliation would be division.  Think of what the Jews and Gentiles did then, and erring people today, to Gods work of reconciliation.  He wants no division (I Corinthians 1:10; cf. John 17:20-23).  Such is the case racially, doctrinally, etc. 

o   One body means more than just assembling together (I Corinthians 10:16-17 and Philippians 3:16).

      By the cross (Colossians 2:10-15).

      Jesus slain [killed] the enmity [hatred] can and does carry several, or more, meanings:

o   The hatred of God toward man because when man is in sin God hates us (Psalms 5:4-6, Psalms 11:5-7, Proverbs 6:16-19, Proverbs 16:5, and Hebrews 1:8-9).

  Under the Law of Moses God remembered sins (Leviticus 16:34 and Hebrews 10:3).

  He promised this new Law wherein He would not remember sins (Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 8:1-13).

  Thus, when we fully obey the Lord (II Corinthians 7:1); we can have our sins truly forgotten (I John 1:9).

  This is through Jesus (Matthew 26:28, I John 1:7, and Revelation 1:5).

o   The hatred between Jew and Gentile (Galatians 2:11-17).

o   The Law itself killed (II Corinthians 3:6).


Ephesians 2:17 –

      At the first, the Gentiles were not being taught the Gospel (Matthew 10:5).

      However, it was prophesied that the Gentiles would hear the Gospel (Isaiah 42:6 and Isaiah 49:6).

      Preached peace to the afar off [Gentiles] (Acts 13:46-48, Acts 26:13-18, Acts 28:28, Romans 15:8-9, and I Timothy 3:16).

      Preached peace to those nigh [Jews] too and in fact, first (Luke 19:1-10 and Romans 1:16).


Ephesians 2:18 –

      Through Christ, all have access to the Father (John 14:6, Romans 1:8, Romans 5:1-2, Ephesians 3:11-12, Ephesians 5:20, Colossians 3:17, Hebrews 7:14-19, Hebrews 10:19-22, and I John 2:1-2).

      By one Spirit (I Corinthians 12:12-13).  No one could ever have been saved without the work the Holy Spirit did in revealing the truth (John 14:23-26, John 16:12-13, I Corinthians 2:9-13, and II Peter 1:20-21).

      God is our Father (II Corinthians 6:14-18 and I John 3:1).


Ephesians 2:19 –

      No more strangers in the kingdom (Ephesians 2:11-12), but now we are strangers from the world (Hebrews 11:13, I Peter 1:1, and I Peter 2:11).

      Fellowcitizens (Philippians 3:20-21, Hebrews 12:22-23, and Revelation 1:9).

      With the saints (Psalms 89:7, Romans 1:7, and Colossians 1:12).

      In the household of God (I Timothy 3:15 and Hebrews 3:1-6).


Ephesians 2:20 –

      Built (Matthew 16:18 [cf. I Corinthians 12:27], Acts 20:32, Colossians 2:6-7, and I Peter 2:5).

      The foundation of the Apostles (I Corinthians 3:1-10 and Galatians 2:9).

      The foundation of the prophets (I Corinthians 12:28).

      Jesus being the chief corner stone (I Corinthians 3:11).

      The builder and maker (Hebrews 11:8-10).


Ephesians 2:21 –

      The building framed together (Ephesians 4:16 and Colossians 2:19).

      A holy temple to the Lord (I Corinthians 3:15-17).

      Such is why we read language of spiritual sacrifices, etc. in the New Testament (Romans 12:1 and Hebrews 13:15).


Ephesians 2:22 –

      An habitation of God (John 14:23 and I John 4:15-16; cf. Ephesians 3:17-20).

      The Spirit, their seal (Ephesians 1:13; cf. Acts 19:1-7), was their evidence of their being the habitation of God (I John 3:24).

      We [today] know we are the temple of God through the word (John 6:63, II Timothy 3:16-17, and II Peter 1:3-4).



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