Another Outline from Brian A. Yeager

Things We Should Know and Be Able to Explain (Part 1)

The Distinction Between the Old and the New Law


A. The Bible is a book divided into 66 books. B. Many have an issue understanding that there is a separation of the Old and New Law:
1. Some in the New Testament had a problem finding a distinction:
a. Acts 10:17-20; 28-34; 11:1-3
b. Acts 15:5
2. Some today have that same problem (note a brief selection of examples):
a. The Seventh Day Adventists: “The great principles of God’s law are embodied in the Ten Commandments and exemplified in the life of Christ. They express God’s love, will, and purposes concerning human conduct and relationships and are binding upon all people in every age.” –
b. The Roman Catholic Church: “The obligation of the Decalogue. # 2072 Since they express man’s fundamental duties towards God and towards his neighbor, the Ten Commandments reveal, in their primordial content, grave obligations. They are fundamentally immutable, and they oblige always and everywhere. No one can dispense from them. The Ten Commandments are engraved by God in the human heart.” – Catechism of the Catholic Church
C. It is imperative to understand which of two laws governs man today.
1. We must determine which is what Jesus spoke of in John 12:48.
2. We must understand that one law was to bring about a more perfect law.
3. We will not, once informed, understand why so many want to cling to a law that did not offer salvation.
I. The Old Law Was for a People, for a Purpose, for a Time
A. The Old Testament Law was for the Jews:
1. Exodus 34:27-
2. Deuteronomy 4:1; 7-13; 44-45; 5:1-6
3. I Kings 8:9; 21
4. Ephesians 2:11-12
B. The Old Testament Law was for a purpose:
1. God made a promise to Abraham (Genesis 22:18).
2. God put a law in affect to bring this promise about (Galatians 3:16-19).
C. The Old Testament Law was for a time:
1. A time when a better law would be (Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrews 8:7-13).
2. A time in which the Law [a schoolmaster] brought the people unto Christ (Galatians 3:24-29).
II. The Old Law Was Imperfect
A. For two of many examples; Paul illustrates the imperfection of the Old Law to the church in Rome and Corinth (Romans 8:3-4 and II Corinthians 3:16-17).

B. It was not complete, as Christ would have to come and fulfill it:

1. Matthew 5:17-18
2. Luke 24:44
C. Salvation was not offered through the Old Testament Law:
1. John 1:17
2. Acts 13:33-39
3. Hebrews 9:19-28
4. Hebrews 10:1-22
III. The Imperfect Old Law Was Put Aside for a New and Perfect Testament of Jesus Christ
A. No man is subject to the Old Testament Law:
1. We are delivered from the Old Testament Law (Romans 7:1-6).
2. Through Christ we are complete, delivered from our sins through conversion, and delivered from a law that was against us [Gentiles] (Colossians 2:8-14).
3. The death of Christ is the significant mark of the putting away of the Old Law and the bringing in of the New (Hebrews 9:14-18; Matthew 26:28).
B. Jesus came bringing His words, which had not been taught by the Law of Moses, but would be taught bringing salvation to those whom heard, believed, and obeyed:
1. Hebrews 1:1-2
2. Luke 24:45-47
3. Romans 16:25-26
A. Even though the Old Law had been put aside we can still learn and teach many lessons from it:
1. Acts 28:23
2. Romans 15:4
B. We have to keep in mind that all scriptures are (II Timothy 3:16-17 and II Peter 1:20-21):
1. Inspired
2. Profitable to teach
3. Profitable for reproof
4. Profitable for correction
5. Profitable for instruction in righteousness
6. Fully equips us unto every good work
C. While we can study and teach the Old Testament, we are not governed by it.

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2003 by Brian A. Yeager may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.