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Daniel 9:1-27 (Partial Study… More To Come Soon)
1. What did Daniel understand in the first year of Darius’ reign?
Jeremiah’s prophesies of the 70 years: “(1) In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; (2) In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem” (Daniel 9:1-2).
- This Darius is the Mede and this ties us to chapter 11 (Daniel 11:1), the son of Ahasuerus. So, this puts us after the book of Esther. However, there are later Darius’ too. There is a Darius the Persian in the days of Nehemiah and Ezra that is after this period of time in Daniel (Ezra 4:5 and Nehemiah 12:22).
- The 70 years in the desolations of Jerusalem (II Chronicles 36:17-21, Jeremiah 25:1-12, Jeremiah 27:1-8, and Jeremiah 29:1-14).
- Jerusalem was made a desolation (Jeremiah 7:34, Jeremiah 25:18, Jeremiah 34:22, and Jeremiah 44:22).
2. What stands out to you in Daniel’s prayer?
“(3) And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes: (4) And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments; (5) We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judgments: (6) Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. (7) O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee. (8) O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. (9) To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him; (10) Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. (11) Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. (12) And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem. (13) As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy truth. (14) Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice. (15) And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly. (16) O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us. (17) Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. (18) O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. (19) O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name” (Daniel 9:3-19).
- Seeking by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes was about an afflicted soul for lamentation (Isaiah 58:5 and Jeremiah 6:26).
- Prayer and confession (Proverbs 28:13 and Jeremiah 3:13).
- “Dreadful” [to be feared] (Psalms 76:7).
- God keeps His covenant (Exodus 6:5, Deuteronomy 7:9, and Psalms 105:8).
- He shows mercy to those who love and obey Him (Exodus 20:6, Deuteronomy 5:10, Nehemiah 1:5, and Psalms 25:10).
- For Daniel and other Eunuchs (Isaiah 56:4-8).
- “We have sinned” [repeated in verses 11; 15] as a collective people was long a problem with Israel (Numbers 12:11, Psalms 106:6, Jeremiah 3:25, Jeremiah 14:7, and Hosea 11:7).
- To sin is to do wickedness, to depart from the Lord’s word (Jeremiah 14:20 and I John 3:4).
- They didn’t listen to the prophets (II Chronicles 36:14-16 and Jeremiah 7:25-26).
- They admittedly deserved to reap what they had sown (Proverbs 22:8, Isaiah 3:10-11, and Lamentations 3:32-40).
- The Lord did not make empty threats (Lamentations 2:17).
- The Law of Moses foretold of what was to come for disobedience (Deuteronomy 28:1-68).
- Their actions were before the eyes of the Lord (Proverbs 5:21, Proverbs 15:3, and Jeremiah 23:24).
- Daniel then asked God to remember His covenant, His love for Israel, for His own sake, (Isaiah 37:35 and Isaiah 43:25), etc. Daniel acted as a mediator for Israel in this prayer (Exodus 32:1-14, Numbers 14:1-20, and James 5:16).
This is a partial study. The rest of the chapter will be uploaded once we study it here in El Paso along with the PDF.
© 2020 This study was prepared for a Bible class with the Sunrise Acres church of Christ in El Paso, TX by Brian A. Yeager.