1. What day did they ignorantly desire to come?
“The day of the Lord”: “Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light” (Amos 5:18).
- “The day of the Lord” is a phrase indicative of a judgment day of which there have been several (Isaiah 13:1-14:23, Isaiah 34:1-8, etc.).
- We read in Isaiah a similar thought that Israel had wherein they essentially dared God to do something (Isaiah 5:18-19).
- They dared the prophets (Jeremiah 17:15 and Ezekiel 12:22).
- They thought God would not do anything to them (Jeremiah 5:11-13).
- People in the first century also reached a point wherein they thought judgment would never come (II Peter 3:1-14).
- Those in sin, don’t want to see any day of judgment from God (Genesis 18:23-19:29, Isaiah 1:28, Isaiah 47:1-3, Lamentations 2:22, Joel 2:1-11, Amos 9:10, Micah 5:15, and Zephaniah 1:7-14).
- Even when we think of THE Judgment Day, it is not a day sinners should desire to see (Matthew 25:31-46, John 5:28-29, and II Thessalonians 1:7-9).
- How many people fail to consider “to what end” it is for them (Hosea 7:1-2)?
- To them, the day of the Lord was one that was going to be darkness rather than light (Isaiah 5:25-30 and Isaiah 9:14-19). *Point made again in vs. 20.
2. How did the Lord illustrate to them that what they were seeking wasn’t intelligent?
“(19) As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. (20) Shall not the day of the LORD be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it” (Amos 5:19-20)?
- Where will they run (Psalms 139:7-13, Proverbs 15:3, Jeremiah 23:23-24, and Jeremiah 49:10)?
- Wherever they end up, it won’t be good for them (Isaiah 24:17-18 and Jeremiah 15:1-4).
- See notes on verse 18 for the darkness they would face.
3. How did the Lord view their worship towards Him?
He hated their offerings: “(21) I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. (22) Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts. (23) Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols” (Amos 5:21-23).
- Proverbs 15:8, Proverbs 15:29, Proverbs 21:27, Proverbs 28:9, Isaiah 1:3-16, Isaiah 66:3, Jeremiah 7:22-23, Hosea 6:4-7, Micah 6:6-8, John 9:31, I Corinthians 11:23-32, and I Peter 3:12
4. What did the Lord desire to see run down like waters and a mighty stream?
“But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream” (Amos 5:24).
- Earlier in this chapter, we read the turned judgment into wormwood (Amos 5:7).
- If you tie this statement to what was said in verses 21-23, consider these verses: “Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD…. To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice” (Psalms 4:5 and Proverbs 21:3).
- Consider Jesus’ conversation with a scribe (Mark 12:28-34).
- God loves righteousness and judgment (Psalms 33:4-5).
5. Looking back to their distant past, though they offered sacrifices to the Lord in the wilderness; was He truly their God?
No: “(25) Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel? (26) But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves” (Amos 5:25-26).
- This is looking way back (Numbers 13-27) and having them think about the errors of the past that they were guilty of in the present and how God looked at it historically (Deuteronomy 32:12-19).
- How did God feel about their false gods (Exodus 20:1-5 and Leviticus 20:1-5)?
6. As this chapter concludes, what did the Lord say He was going to cause?
Them to go into captivity: “Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts” (Amos 5:27).
- II Kings 17:1-18:16
© 2021 This study was prepared for a Bible class with the Sunrise Acres church of Christ in El Paso, TX by Brian A. Yeager.