Another Sermon Outline By Brian A. Yeager
© 2008 This material may not be used for sale or other means to have financial gain.  Use this as a
tool for your own studies if such is helpful!   Preachers are welcome to this work, but please do not
use my work so that you can be lazy and not do your own studies.  –
Brian A. Yeager





I. Introduction: Some thoughts to consider as we examine this context.
    A. Let’s think about anger throughout this lesson (Psalms 37:8,
    Proverbs 14:17; 29, Proverbs 22:24-25, Proverbs 25:28, and James 1:
    20).

    B. What should our relationship be with our brethren (I John 4:21)?
    1. Does the love we have for each other promote anger and hatred
    (I John 3:11-18)?
    a. Sometimes “brethren” do wrong and our relationship
    changes (III John 9-11).
    b. However, we should control ourselves even when
    wronged (II Timothy 4:14-16).
    2. How important is it to resolve issues among our brethren
    (Ephesians 4:1-3 and Colossians 3:13; cf. I Corinthians 6:1-7)?

    C. How quickly should we resolve problems with people in general
    (Luke 12:58-59)?
    1. Why would we trust the unjust to resolve a matter fairly (I
    Corinthians 6:1)?

II. Body: Matthew 5:21-26
    Verse 21: In times past [we discussed the place of O.T. two weeks ago]
    ... (Genesis 9:5-6, Exodus 20:13, and Leviticus 24:21).  
    •        This is a significant set-up passage to Christ establishing a
    new Law {which we’ll see more of}, governing our spiritual lives
    (Romans 8:1-8 and Galatians 5:15-26).

    Verse 22: Christ establishes His authority “But, I say” (Matthew 12:1-6
    and Romans 10:4).
    •        Angry with a brother WITHOUT a cause necessarily implies
    there is a cause (Psalms 139:21-22 and Ephesians 5:1; cf.
    Deuteronomy 4:25, Psalms 7:11, Isaiah 1:4, and Mark 3:1-6).
    •        If angry without a cause you’re in danger of the Judgment
    (Romans 14:10, James 4:11-12, and I John 2:8-11).
    •        “Raca” will be brought before counsel (cf. Matthew 18:15-
    17).  The term “raca” means: “Empty, i.e. a senseless, empty
    headed man” (Thayer).
            There are times were someone is worthless, thus
    certainly not a true brother (James 2:18-20).
            This is not something we’d say of a brother or sister
    for all are very much useful (Romans 12:4-5 and I Corinthians
    12:14-27; cf. Ephesians 4:16).
    •        “Thou fool” is in danger of hell fire (Mark 9:43-48).
            Again, some are to be called fools (I Corinthians 15:34-
    36 and Galatians 3:1-3; cf. Luke 11:39-40).
            True fools should be avoided (Proverbs 23:9).
            Yet, our brothers and sisters are not fools if true to
    God (Titus 3:3-7; cf. Proverbs 2:6; 9:10 and Colossians 3:16).

    Verses 23-24: We do not come before a physical altar in our worship
    now (Hebrews 9:11; 24; 10:19-20; 13:10-15).
    •        The principal applies (I Corinthians 11:28-32), which is that
    we cannot worship with a clear conscience while a brother has an
    unresolved fault against us (Hebrews 10:21-25; cf. Luke 17:3-4).
    •        How can we worship and have communion [fellowship] with
    each other if we have unresolved differences (I Corinthians 10:16-
    17; cf. Amos 3:3, Acts 2:42-44, and I John 1:7)?
    •        Jesus shows us the urgency of resolving sin among saints
    here as it not only will go to Judgment, but also prevents us from
    worshipping God now.  Notice the wording of Matthew 18:15
    “gained thy brother” (cf. James 5:19-20).

    Verses 25-26: Wisdom is taught in resolving legal matters with our
    adversaries before they escalate .  
    •        Peaceful settlements are not always possible (John 17:14).
    •        Being righteous often causes disputes which cannot be
    settled (Acts 17:1-10).
    •        Let’s not forget, this passage shows that Jesus expects us to
    have adversaries (Philippians 1:27-30).


III. Conclusion: Ephesians 4:26-27; 31-32



© 2008 This material may not be used for sale or other means to have financial gain.  Use this as a tool
for your own studies if such is helpful!   Preachers are welcome to this work, but please do not use my
work so that you can be lazy and not do your own studies.  –
Brian A. Yeager
The Sermon On The Mount (Part 6)
Matthew 5:21-26