Studies In The Book Of Romans
Click Here To Download The PDF File
1. What did Paul imply in posing his question as to why God was long-suffering with those who were fit to destruction?
That God was showing the riches of His glory and His mercy to those who deserved His wrath: “What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory” (Romans 9:22-23).
God is long-suffering (Numbers 14:18, Lamentations 3:22, Psalms 86:15, ITimothy 1:12-16, IPeter 3:20, and IIPeter 3:9).
Sometimes God being long-suffering is turned to destruction by men (Ecclesiastes 8:11).
The intent of God, in being long-suffering, is to see men be saved (IIPeter 3:15).
Before prepared to glory… (ICorinthians 2:9 and IThessalonians 5:8-9).
2. Did the riches of the mercy of God extend only to the Jews?
No: “(23) And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, (24) Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles” (Romans 9:23-24)?
Acts 13:47-48, Romans 3:29-30, Romans 10:12, Galatians 3:26-29, Ephesians 2:11-17, and Colossians 3:10-11.
3. What prophet is Paul referring to in Romans 9:25-26 (Hint: Osee = Hosea)?
Hosea (Hosea 2:23 and Hosea 1:9-10): “(25) As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. (26) And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God” (Romans 9:25-26).
Romans 11:25-31 and IPeter 2:5-10.
4. Was all of Israel saved?
No, a remnant: “Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved” (Romans 9:27).
Like Isaiah said (Isaiah 10:20-22, Isaiah 11:16, Isaiah 37:31-32, and Isaiah 46:3), there was a remnant saved (Romans 11:1-6; cf. Luke 19:1-10).
5. Was it God’s intention to drag out or not finish the work He started in saving the lost?
No: “For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth” (Romans 9:28).
He has appointed a time (Acts 17:30-31), but not on our timeline (IIPeter 3:1-14).
6. What would have been the end of the Jews had God not left them a seed?
They would have been as Sodom and Gomorrha: “And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha” (Romans 9:29).
Isaiah 1:9; cf. Genesis 18:16-19:29, IIPeter 2:6, and Jude 7.
7. Whether Jews or Gentiles, how did righteousness come about?
Through faith rather than works of the Law: “(30) What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. (31) But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. (32) Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; (33) As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed” (Romans 9:30-33).
“What shall WE say then?” For one, no one should challenge God at all [period] (Romans 9:20). *Discussed in last class.
Eternal life cannot be earned, apart from God (Ephesians 2:5-10 and Philippians 3:9; cf. Luke 17:7-10).
Living by faith is the key (Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11, and Hebrews 10:38).
That is not say we are not expected to do works (Luke 6:46, Luke 11:28, John 14:15, John 14:21-24, and James 2:14-26).
It is to say that those works, apart from faith, grace, and everything else; are worthless (Romans 5:1, Romans 8:23-24, Hebrews 11:6, etc.).
The stumbling stone (Isaiah 28:16, Matthew 21:33-46, IPeter 2:3-9; cf. Ephesians 2:20).
Back To Index Of Studies In Romans
© 2014 This material may not be used for sale or other means to have financial gain. Use this as a tool for your own studies if such is helpful! Preachers are welcome to this work, but please do not use my work so that you can be lazy and not do your own studies. Getting financially supported to do the Lord’s work while allowing others to do it for you is simply theft! – Brian A. Yeager