Studies In The Book Of Romans

(Romans 7:1-6)


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1. How long is a woman bound to her husband?

As long as he lives: “(1) Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?  (2) For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband” (Romans 7:1-2).


·     The Jews were those who “know the law” (Leviticus 26:46, Ezra 7:24-28, Malachi 4:4, Acts 22:3, and Romans 2:17-28).

·     The woman was and is bound by the law to remain with her husband (Genesis 2:18-24 and I Corinthians 7:10-11) as long as he is alive (I Corinthians 7:39).

·     The Law of Moses ALLOWED the man to put away the woman (Deuteronomy 24:1-4).

·     Jesus turned away what Moses allowed (Matthew 19:3-9 and Mark 10:2-9).

2. What is a woman called if she marries another man while the husband she is bound to is alive?

An adulterous woman: “So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man” (Romans 7:3).


·     The remarried wife, who is bound to another, is an adulterous woman (Matthew 5:31-32 and Mark 10:11-12).

·     An adulterous woman is a specifically sinful type (Proverbs 30:20).

·     Adultery, if not repented of, will result in the loss of a soul (Galatians 5:19-21).

3. What occurred that freed the Jews from the Law of Moses?

The death of Christ: “Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God” (Romans 7:4).


·     Now the reason for the illustration of marriage begins to unfold.  The death of Christ was needed to free the Jews from the law they were bound to (Ephesians 2:13-17 and Colossians 2:14). Remember, God was their [Israel] husband under the Old Law (Isaiah 54:5 and Jeremiah 3:14).

·     Through His death, Christ brought in a new covenant (Hebrews 9:15-17) because the old one was not perfect (Hebrews 8:1-13).

·     The Scriptures teach that Christ redeemed man from the curse of the Law (Galatians 3:13).

4. Under the Law of Moses, what did the “motions of sin” [sinful passions; ASV; NKJV] bring forth?

Fruit unto death: “For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death” (Romans 7:5).


·     This verse is KEY in understanding the context of chapters 7-8.  The contrast of these two chapters is the difference between carnal and spiritual service.  Service under the Law was carnal commandments (cf. Hebrews 7:16), whereas in Christ the mind is to be spiritual (Romans 8:9).  *more on this as we discuss verse 6.

·     We were in the flesh, now spiritual (John 3:1-8 and II Corinthians 5:17).

·     The term translated “motions” [Strong’s # 3804] is also translated as “sufferings” (Romans 8:18, II Corinthians 1:5, II Corinthians 1:6, II Corinthians 1:7, Philippians 3:10, and Colossians 1:24), “affections” (Galatians 5:24), “afflictions” (II Timothy 3:11, Hebrews 10:32, and I Peter 5:9), “suffering” (Hebrews 2:9), “sufferings” (Hebrews 2:10, I Peter 1:11, I Peter 4:13, and I Peter 5:1).

o  Passions and affections of the flesh lead to spiritual death (James 1:13-16). 

o  Suffering and afflictions do not (Matthew 5:10-12 and I Peter 4:1-2).

5. For discussion, what contrast is being draw when Paul said, “we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter?”

The verse says this: “But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter” (Romans 7:6).


·     Delivered from the Law (Galatians 3:19-4:7).

·     Dead when under it (John 1:17, Acts 13:38-39, Romans 8:3, and Hebrews 10:1-18).

·     Serve in newness of spirit, not in letter (John 6:63, II Corinthians 3:1-6, Galatians 2:19-20, Galatians 5:16-26, Philippians 3:3, and Colossians 3:1-17).

·     If righteousness came by the letter of the Law, the death of Christ was in vain (Galatians 2:21).






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