Studies In The Book Of Romans
1. What did the Jews and Gentiles, of the past, all have in common from verses nine through eighteen?
“(9) What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; (10) As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: (11) There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. (12) They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (13) Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: (14) Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: (15) Their feet are swift to shed blood: (16) Destruction and misery are in their ways: (17) And the way of peace have they not known: (18) There is no fear of God before their eyes” (Romans 3:9-18).
Š They [Jew and Gentile Christians in Rome who HAD walked in the way of THEIR fathers] shared “none righteous”, “none that doeth good” (Psalms 14:1-7). *More on this in verses 22-23.
o Jesus displayed this point when He spoke to a man, that thought of Jesus as a teacher only not as deity, pointing out the God alone is good (Mark 10:18).
o If you are a Christian, Jew or Gentile, then you needed saved from sin and cannot claim a righteousness of yourself (I John 1:8-10).
Š Those in the past, Jew and Gentile, did not seek after God (Jeremiah 4:22 and I Corinthians 12:2).
o We know that there were, in the first century, those with understanding (I John 5:20) and seekers of God (Acts 8:25-39). Thus, this is not to be taken strictly in a literal sense, of that present time.
Š They were not better than each other (Luke 18:9-14; cf. Isaiah 65:5).
Š They [again; Jew and Gentile of the past] all went “out of the way” (Isaiah 53:6 and Ephesians 2:1-3).
Š They’ve been deceptive with their tongues (Psalms 5:5-9).
Š Their feet [sinners whether they be Jew or Gentile] were swift to shed blood (Proverbs 1:10-19).
Š Destruction and misery are in the way of both Jew and Gentile (Romans 2:9).
Š They have not known the way of peace (Isaiah 57:21).
Š There is no fear of God before their eyes (Psalms 36:1).
2. To whom did the Law speak?
Those under the Law: “Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God” (Romans 3:19).
Š The Law of Moses, at the time this epistle was written and now as well, is no longer in effect (Romans 7:1-6, Ephesians 2:11-17, Colossians 2:12-14, and Hebrews 9:15-17).
Š Remember, the Law of Moses was for the Jews and they were bound to it (Leviticus 26:46 and Malachi 4:4).
Š The law brought the guilt of sin and was put in place because man was not acting righteously (I Timothy 1:9-10).
3. Who could be justified by the deeds of the Law of Moses?
NO ONE: “Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin” (Romans 3:20).
Š This did not mean one was not expected to be a doer of the Law (Deuteronomy 27:26, Romans 2:12-13, and Hebrews 10:28).
Š The deeds of the law [of Moses], by themselves, do not and did not save (Galatians 3:10-13, Galatians 5:4, and Titus 3:5-7).
Š It takes a law for sin to be possible (I John 3:4).
4. Did it take the Law of Moses to bring about the righteousness of God?
No, without the Law: “But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets” (Romans 3:21).
Š Righteousness is/was not found through obedience to the Law (Philippians 3:9).
Š The Law and prophets spoke of Christ and what He did bring (Luke 24:44 and John 5:46-47; cf. Deuteronomy 18:15-19, Isaiah 11:1-16, Jeremiah 31:31-34, and Daniel 2:31-45).
Š As we’ll discuss in the next verse, Christ brought true, full righteousness.
5. Was there a difference in the Jews or Gentiles who were justified by the grace of God through Jesus Christ?
No, both had sinned and both needed God’s grace through Christ: “(22) Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: (23) For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (24) Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Romans 3:22-24).
Š Christ brought righteousness (Romans 5:17-21, Romans 10:4, and Philippians 1:11).
Š If the Law of Moses brought righteousness, Christ died in vain (Galatians 2:21).
Š Again (Romans 3:9), there is no difference between Jew and Gentile (Romans 10:12). Both had sinned (Romans 11:25-32 and Galatians 3:22).
Š Grace brought redemption through Christ for both Jew and Gentile (Acts 15:7-11).
Š All of this ties to Abraham (Genesis 22:16 and Romans 4:16).
Š Justification is not without works (James 2:14-26), though not works of the Law (Galatians 2:16-17).
Š This is NOT teaching everyone sins (Romans 6:1-2, Hebrews 4:14-16, and I John 3:1-10).
6. Does the blood of Christ have anything to do with the remission of sins?
Yes: “(25) Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God” (Romans 3:25).
Š Without the blood of Christ, there’d be no true remission of sins (Hebrews 10:1-18; cf. Matthew 26:28).
Š The forbearance of God leads to repentance (Romans 2:4).
7. Whether Jew or Gentile, could anyone boast of obtaining salvation through his or her own works?
No (verse 21 covered part of this too): “(26) To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. (27) Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. (28) Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law” (Romans 3:26-28).
Š The Lord is the justifier (Isaiah 45:25).
Š Again, as noted in verse 20, just doing the deeds of the Law of Moses did not make one righteous (Acts 13:38-39).
Š One cannot boast of his or her righteous deeds when you realize that, without God’s part, no one could be just (Ephesians 2:5-10).
8. Is God only the God of the Jews?
No: “(29) Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: (30) Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith” (Romans 3:29-30).
Š Mark 16:15-16, Romans 1:16, Romans 9:24, and Galatians 3:26-29.
Š Faith in and through Christ, not the Law of Moses, is the point (Galatians 2:16).
9. Did/does faith in Christ make the Law void?
Establish it: “Do we then make void [entirely useless; Strong’s #2673] the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law” (Romans 3:31).
Š Jesus fulfilled the Law (Matthew 5:17).
Š Salvation for us is the fulfillment of the Law, not the voiding of it (Romans 8:1-4).
Š If the Law was sufficient to save, faith in Christ would be void (Romans 4:14).
Š The Law had a purpose in bringing about Christ (Galatians 3:11-25).
Š To this day, the Law of Moses is not entirely useless (Romans 15:4 and I Corinthians 10:1-12).
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