Studies In The Book Of Romans

(Romans 3:1-8)


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1. What two questions did Paul ask as we begin our study of chapter three?

“What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision” (Romans 3:1)?


Š     Questions of benefit to being someone are asked throughout the Scriptures (Genesis 25:32, Job 35:3, Ecclesiastes 6:8, Ecclesiastes 6:11, Malachi 3:14, Luke 9:25, and I Corinthians 15:32).

Š     Circumcision was the mark of a Jew, which separated them from the Gentiles (Ephesians 2:11).

Š     The practice of circumcision began as a token of the covenant between God and Abraham (Genesis 17:10-14) that through his seed the earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:3).


2. Was there any advantage or profit in being a Jew?

Yes: “Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God” (Romans 3:2).


Š     The oracles of God were committed to the Jews (Deuteronomy 4:7-8, Deuteronomy 33:2-4, Nehemiah 9:7-15, Psalms 78:4-7, Psalms 103:7, Psalms 147:19-20, Ezekiel 20:11-12, Malachi 4:4, and Romans 9:4).

Š     Not just the word of God, but the seed of Christ was committed to the Jews (Genesis 22:18, Romans 1:3, and Galatians 3:8-18).

Š     Lets anyone downplay the role of the Jews on our salvation (John 4:22).


3. Could the disbelief of some Jews make the faith of God without effect?

NO: “(3) For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?  (4) God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged” (Romans 3:3-4).


Š     Disbelief among the Jews was a huge problem (Numbers 14:11, Deuteronomy 9:23, Psalms 106:24-26, Isaiah 49:14-15, Matthew 28:16-17, Mark 9:14-29, Mark 16:9-11, and Hebrews 3:6-4:2).

Š     God knew this was going to happen (Romans 10:16).

Š     Nothing can cause the faith of God to cease (II Timothy 2:13).

Š     God is true to His word (Numbers 23:19, I Samuel 15:29, Malachi 3:6, Romans 11:29, and Titus 1:2).

Š     His word will never cease to be (Matthew 24:35 and I Peter 1:23-25).

Š     In comparison to God, our integrity fails (cf. Job 36:3).


4. What does the unrighteousness of man commend?

The righteousness of God: “But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)” (Romans 3:5).


Š     The sins of mankind have, in several ways, shown the righteousness of God:

o  His righteousness in providing salvation (Romans 3:25-26 and II Corinthians 5:21).

o  His righteousness through fair judgment (Psalms 9:8, Psalms 96:10, and Acts 17:31).

o  His righteousness in mercy (Psalms 116:5).

o  Mankind has displayed the willingness to be unfaithful, but God in comparison, has never failed to be faithful to His promises (Deuteronomy 7:9, Psalms 100:5, and I Corinthians 1:9).

Š     In considering God’s judgment, let us be reminded that He forgives AND takes vengeance (Exodus 34:6-7) in a righteous manner (Psalms 145:17).

Š     God is not unrighteous for taking vengeance for it is just that a man receives the reward or punishment for his actions (Ezra 9:10-13, Lamentations 3:39-40, Ezekiel 24:13-14, and John 5:28-29).  Even a thief can realize this (Luke 23:39-41).


5. Is God unrighteous for taking vengeance?

No: “God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world (Romans 3:6)?


Š     There has to be judgment or there can be no fairness (Genesis 18:25).

Š     He is very fair (Job 8:20, Ecclesiastes 8:12-13, Isaiah 3:10-11, and Acts 10:34).

Š     The fact is, God has been lenient (Psalms 103:8-10 and II Peter 3:9).

Š     How would God judge the world if there were no consequences for sin (Nahum 1:1-3 and Hebrews 10:26-31)?

Š     In fact, wouldn’t a lack of justice from God contradict the very purpose of our existence (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14)?


6. What point is Paul making in verse seven?

The verse says this: “For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner” (Romans 3:7)?


Š     Remember, from verse 5, Paul is speaking “as a man” (Romans 6:19) using carnal rationalizations to bring about a self-defining thought.  He is building on verse 5.

Š     He is NOT saying that he has lied (which he says is slander on him in the next verse) ().

Š     He is asking, using carnal thinking, how can a man be judged as a sinner if his sin brings about glory for God?  Let’s consider this thinking…

o  The Jews killed Jesus, according to God’s plan (Acts 2:23), but they were still held accountable (Acts 3:13-19) even though good came about (I John 4:9-10).

o  Situational ethics is wrong (Genesis 39:7-9, II Samuel 6:6-7, Daniel 3:13-28, Matthew 4:1-11, and Mark 6:17-18).

Š     Paul was not a liar (Romans 9:1, II Corinthians 11:31, Galatians 1:20, etc.).

Š     Lying will not bring about anyone’s salvation (Proverbs 19:5, Ephesians 4:25, and Revelation 21:8).

Š     Do no think that this text is Paul questioning God in a manner of a challenge either (Romans 9:19-20).


7. What was being slanderously reported about Paul?

That he said do evil that good may come: “And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just” (Romans 3:8).


Š     Slander happens to faithful Christians (Matthew 5:11-12 and I Peter 3:16-17).

Š     Remember, there was a prophet who lied to be in company with another prophet, did that turn out good (I Kings 13:1-32)?

Š     If we’re truly converted to Christ, we shouldn’t even think of doing evil regardless of the expected outcome of such actions (Psalms 34:14, Psalms 97:10, Psalms 119:104, Psalms 119:163, Proverbs 4:25-27, Proverbs 16:17, Romans 12:9, I Corinthians 13:4-5, Titus 1:15, Titus 2:7-8, and I Peter 1:13-16).



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