Studies In The Book Of Romans
1. What two questions did Paul ask as we begin our study of chapter three?
“What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision” (Romans 3:1)?
Š Questions of benefit to being someone are asked throughout the Scriptures (Genesis 25:32, Job 35:3, Ecclesiastes 6:8, Ecclesiastes 6:11, Malachi 3:14, Luke 9:25, and I Corinthians 15:32).
Š Circumcision was the mark of a Jew, which separated them from the Gentiles (Ephesians 2:11).
Š The practice of circumcision began as a token of the covenant between God and Abraham (Genesis 17:10-14) that through his seed the earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:3).
2. Was there any advantage or profit in being a Jew?
Yes: “Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God” (Romans 3:2).
Š The oracles of God were committed to the Jews (Deuteronomy 4:7-8, Deuteronomy 33:2-4, Nehemiah 9:7-15, Psalms 78:4-7, Psalms 103:7, Psalms 147:19-20, Ezekiel 20:11-12, Malachi 4:4, and Romans 9:4).
Š Not just the word of God, but the seed of Christ was committed to the Jews (Genesis 22:18, Romans 1:3, and Galatians 3:8-18).
Š Lets anyone downplay the role of the Jews on our salvation (John 4:22).
3. Could the disbelief of some Jews make the faith of God without effect?
NO: “(3) For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect? (4) God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged” (Romans 3:3-4).
Š Disbelief among the Jews was a huge problem (Numbers 14:11, Deuteronomy 9:23, Psalms 106:24-26, Isaiah 49:14-15, Matthew 28:16-17, Mark 9:14-29, Mark 16:9-11, and Hebrews 3:6-4:2).
Š God knew this was going to happen (Romans 10:16).
Š Nothing can cause the faith of God to cease (II Timothy 2:13).
Š God is true to His word (Numbers 23:19, I Samuel 15:29, Malachi 3:6, Romans 11:29, and Titus 1:2).
Š His word will never cease to be (Matthew 24:35 and I Peter 1:23-25).
Š In comparison to God, our integrity fails (cf. Job 36:3).
4. What does the unrighteousness of man commend?
The righteousness of God: “But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)” (Romans 3:5).
Š The sins of mankind have, in several ways, shown the righteousness of God:
o His righteousness in providing salvation (Romans 3:25-26 and II Corinthians 5:21).
o His righteousness through fair judgment (Psalms 9:8, Psalms 96:10, and Acts 17:31).
o His righteousness in mercy (Psalms 116:5).
o Mankind has displayed the willingness to be unfaithful, but God in comparison, has never failed to be faithful to His promises (Deuteronomy 7:9, Psalms 100:5, and I Corinthians 1:9).
Š In considering God’s judgment, let us be reminded that He forgives AND takes vengeance (Exodus 34:6-7) in a righteous manner (Psalms 145:17).
Š God is not unrighteous for taking vengeance for it is just that a man receives the reward or punishment for his actions (Ezra 9:10-13, Lamentations 3:39-40, Ezekiel 24:13-14, and John 5:28-29). Even a thief can realize this (Luke 23:39-41).
5. Is God unrighteous for taking vengeance?
No: “God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world” (Romans 3:6)?
Š There has to be judgment or there can be no fairness (Genesis 18:25).
Š He is very fair (Job 8:20, Ecclesiastes 8:12-13, Isaiah 3:10-11, and Acts 10:34).
Š The fact is, God has been lenient (Psalms 103:8-10 and II Peter 3:9).
Š How would God judge the world if there were no consequences for sin (Nahum 1:1-3 and Hebrews 10:26-31)?
Š In fact, wouldn’t a lack of justice from God contradict the very purpose of our existence (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14)?
6. What point is Paul making in verse seven?
The verse says this: “For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner” (Romans 3:7)?
Š Remember, from verse 5, Paul is speaking “as a man” (Romans 6:19) using carnal rationalizations to bring about a self-defining thought. He is building on verse 5.
Š He is NOT saying that he has lied (which he says is slander on him in the next verse) ().
Š He is asking, using carnal thinking, how can a man be judged as a sinner if his sin brings about glory for God? Let’s consider this thinking…
o The Jews killed Jesus, according to God’s plan (Acts 2:23), but they were still held accountable (Acts 3:13-19) even though good came about (I John 4:9-10).
o Situational ethics is wrong (Genesis 39:7-9, II Samuel 6:6-7, Daniel 3:13-28, Matthew 4:1-11, and Mark 6:17-18).
Š Paul was not a liar (Romans 9:1, II Corinthians 11:31, Galatians 1:20, etc.).
Š Lying will not bring about anyone’s salvation (Proverbs 19:5, Ephesians 4:25, and Revelation 21:8).
Š Do no think that this text is Paul questioning God in a manner of a challenge either (Romans 9:19-20).
7. What was being slanderously reported about Paul?
That he said do evil that good may come: “And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just” (Romans 3:8).
Š Slander happens to faithful Christians (Matthew 5:11-12 and I Peter 3:16-17).
Š Remember, there was a prophet who lied to be in company with another prophet, did that turn out good (I Kings 13:1-32)?
Š If we’re truly converted to Christ, we shouldn’t even think of doing evil regardless of the expected outcome of such actions (Psalms 34:14, Psalms 97:10, Psalms 119:104, Psalms 119:163, Proverbs 4:25-27, Proverbs 16:17, Romans 12:9, I Corinthians 13:4-5, Titus 1:15, Titus 2:7-8, and I Peter 1:13-16).
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