Studies In The Book Of Romans

(Romans 15:20-33)

 

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1. What concern did Paul have about preaching where Christ was already named?

Building on the foundation of teaching of another person: “Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation” (Romans 15:20).   

 

Š      Paul was striving [laboring] to preach the Gospel (II Corinthians 5:9-11).

Š      Building on what another person has been teaching (I Corinthians 3:5-11). 

o   Even when truth is taught, you don’t know what they have already taught to know where to begin or pick up.  That matters (Mark 4:33).

o   You don’t know why they have or have not taught on certain things.  That matters (I Corinthians 3:1-3 and Hebrews 5:8-6:2).

o   Be cautious, consistency matters (I Corinthians 4:17, Colossians 4:17, and I Timothy 1:3-7).

 

2. What hindered Paul from getting to Rome?

Teaching people who had never heard the Gospel: “But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand.  For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming to you” (Romans 15:21-22).

 

Š      As it is written (Isaiah 52:15, Isaiah 65:1, and Hosea 2:23; cf. Romans 9:24-25).

Š      As earlier noted, the work Paul did kept him from getting to Rome (Romans 1:13-15).

 

3. Was Paul aiming to get to Rome at some point?

Yes: “But now having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come unto you; Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with your company” (Romans 15:23-24).

 

Š      How much can one man do?  Paul had many “irons in the fire” that he was trying to tend to (I Corinthians 16:5-9, I Thessalonians 3:10, II Timothy 1:4, Philemon 1:21-22, etc.).

Š      For sure, Paul wanted to see brethren face to face (I Thessalonians 2:17-19).

 

4. What was Paul going to be doing in Jerusalem?

Ministering to the saints: “But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints” (Romans 15:25).

 

Š      The term translated “minister” here, does not signify the usage many apply to “preachers”.  I can be used to mean many types of service to another (Mark 10:45, John 12:2, Acts 6:1-2 [“serve”], II Corinthians 3:3, Hebrews 6:10, and I Peter 4:11).

Š      The context will have to reveal what kind of service Paul is going to do.

 

5. Who did the Christians in Macedonia and Achaia make a contribution for?

The poor saints in Jerusalem: “For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem” (Romans 15:26).

 

Š      Now, we see that the service Paul was going to do is in regard to financial aid for poor Christians in Jerusalem (I Corinthians 16:1-4 and II Corinthians 8:1-9:14; cf. I John 3:16-18).

 

6. What motivator was in place for the Gentiles to help the poor saints in Jerusalem?

A mindset of indebtedness: “It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are.  For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things” (Romans 15:27).

 

Š      The preaching of the Gospel started and came forth from Jerusalem (Luke 24:47, Acts 2:1-5, Acts 6:7, etc.).

Š      It is Scripturally reasonable to conclude that those who have been helpful spiritually could be rewarded carnally (I Corinthians 9:9-14 and Philemon 1:10-21).

 

7. Was Paul involved in the delivery of the aid to the poor saints in Jerusalem?

Yes: “When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain” (Romans 15:28).

 

Š      We’ve seen this before (Acts 11:27-30).

 

8. What did Paul say he would come in the fullness of when he did get to Rome?

Blessing of the Gospel of Christ: “And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ” (Romans 15:29).

 

Š      This is the only time in the Scriptures this terminology is used.  There could be multiple applications that would fit (i.e. Romans 1:11, Ephesians 1:3, Galatians 3:14, Hebrews 6:7, etc.).

 

9. What did Paul want the prayers of the brethren for?

His safety from those in Judaea that would harm him: “Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me; That I may be delivered from them that do not believe in Judaea; and that my service which I have for Jerusalem may be accepted of the saints; That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed” (Romans 15:30-32).

 

Š      Paul’s safety and ability to continue teaching was for the sake of Christ (Ephesians 2:20-22 and II Timothy 4:17-18).

Š      Paul wanted their prayers so his work could continue (II Thessalonians 3:1).

Š      Remember, deliverance and direct guidance from trouble in the first century was tied to the age of miracles, through the Holy Spirit (Acts 16:1-10), that has now ended (I Corinthians 13:8-13).

Š      Going to a place, for Paul, was all based on God’s will (Acts 18:21).

Š      Being refreshed by the brethren (I Corinthians 16:15-18, II Corinthians 7:13, II Timothy 1:16, and Philemon 1:7).

 

10. Can it be said that God is the source of peace?

Yes, He is the God of peace: “Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen” (Romans 15:33).

 

Š      Psalms 85:8, Isaiah 9:6, Acts 10:36, Romans 1:7, Romans 5:1, Romans 16:20, I Corinthians 1:3, I Corinthians 14:33, II Corinthians 1:2, Galatians 1:3, Ephesians 1:2, Philippians 1:2, Philippians 4:6-9, Colossians 1:2, Colossians 3:15, I Thessalonians 1:1-2, I Timothy 1:2, II Timothy 1:2, Hebrews 13:20, etc.

Š      However, not for all people (Isaiah 57:21).

 

 

 

 

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