An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 119 – Walking In The Law Through Not Forgetting The Lord’s Commands (Psalms 119)
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1. What will the undefiled in the way be doing?
“(1) Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD. (2) Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and that seek him with the whole heart. (3) They also do no iniquity: they walk in his ways. (4) Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts diligently. (5) O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes! (6) Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments. (7) I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments. (8) I will keep thy statutes: O forsake me not utterly” (Psalms 119:1-8).

* The way for us is Christ (
John 14:4-6).

2. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way?
“(9) Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word (Psalms 119:9).

“Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you” (John 15:3).
“And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus” (II Timothy 3:15).

3. What did the Psalmist do to keep from wandering and sinning against the Lord?
“(10) With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments. (11) Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee” (Psalms 119:10-11).

* One must seek the Lord with all their hearts (
I Samuel 7:3, Jeremiah 3:10, Hosea 10:2, and Matthew 22:37).
* We have to take God’s word and put it in our hearts (
Jeremiah 15:16 and Colossians 3:16).

4. What did the Psalmist do so that he would not forget the word of God?
“(15) I will meditate in thy precepts, and have respect unto thy ways. (16) I will delight myself in thy statutes: I will not forget thy word” (Psalms 119:15-16).

“O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day” (Psalms 119:97).

5. Why did the Lord rebuke the proud?
“Thou hast rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from thy commandments” (Psalms 119:21).

* You cannot get away from God’s wrath when you err from His commandments (
Psalms 119:118, Amos 2:4, and John 12:48).

6. When princes were against the Psalmist, what did he do?
“(23) Princes also did sit and speak against me: but thy servant did meditate in thy statutes. (24) Thy testimonies also are my delight and my counselors” (Psalms 119:23-24).

7. Did the Psalmist want God to teach him and help him understand His precepts?
Yes: “(26) I have declared my ways, and thou heardest me: teach me thy statutes. (27) Make me to understand the way of thy precepts: so shall I talk of thy wondrous works… (33) Teach me, O LORD, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it unto the end. (34) Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart” (Psalms 119:26-27; 33-34).

* We see the Psalmist wanting taught in verses
12, 26, 33, 64, 66, 68, 108, 124, and 135.
* He requests understanding again in verses
27, 34, 73, 125, 144, and 169.

* Remember, at this time God directly spoke to man (II Peter 1:19-21).
* NOW, we are expected to study God’s word and understand what He has fully revealed (
II Timothy 2:14-18; 3:16-17; cf. Ephesians 3:4; 5:17).

8. What did the Psalmist choose, stick to, and run in the way of?
“(30) I have chosen the way of truth: thy judgments have I laid before me. (31) I have stuck unto thy testimonies: O LORD, put me not to shame. (32) I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart” (Psalms 119:30-32).

9. What did the Psalmist want his eyes turned away from?
“Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken thou me in thy way” (Psalms 119:37).
* Too often, mankind looks upon things that cause destruction, which really are things, which are vain [profitless] (
II Samuel 11:2, Proverbs 4:25, Proverbs 23:5, and I John 2:16).

10. Was the Psalmist willing to speak of the Lord’s word in front of leaders?
“(42) So shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me: for I trust in thy word. (43) And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth; for I have hoped in thy judgments. (44) So shall I keep thy law continually for ever and ever. (45) And I will walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts. (46) I will speak of thy testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed (Psalms 119:42-46).

11. What comforted the Psalmist?
“(49) Remember the word unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope. (50) This is my comfort in my affliction: for thy word hath quickened me. (51) The proud have had me greatly in derision: yet have I not declined from thy law. (52) I remembered thy judgments of old, O LORD; and have comforted myself. (53) Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law. (54) Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage. (55) I have remembered thy name, O LORD, in the night, and have kept thy law. (56) This I had, because I kept thy precepts (Psalms 119:49-56; cf. Romans 15:4 and I Thessalonians 4:18).

12. What did the Psalmist do when he thought on his ways?
“(59) I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies. (60) I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy commandments” (Psalms 119:59-60).

* Why make haste (
Proverbs 27:1)?

13. The Psalmist had gone astray in the past when facing affliction. What about in our context?
“Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word (Psalms 119:67).

* How?
“(71) It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes. (72) The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver” (Psalms 119:71-72).

* Later we read: “
(92) Unless thy law had been my delights, I should then have perished in mine affliction. (93) I will never forget thy precepts: for with them thou hast quickened me” (Psalms 119:92-93).

14. Did the Psalmist realize that his Creator is the person he should be learning from?
Yes: “Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments” (Psalms 119:73).

15. How long is the word of God settled in heaven?
For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in heaven” (Psalms 119:89).

* See also:
Psalms 119:152, Psalms 119:160, Matthew 5:18, Matthew 24:35, and I Peter 1:25.

16. How did the Psalmist obtain wisdom above his enemies, the ancients, and his teachers?
“(97) O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day. (98) Thou through thy commandments hast made me wiser than mine enemies: for they are ever with me. (99) I have more understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation. (100) I understand more than the ancients, because I keep thy precepts” (Psalms 119:97-100).

17. What caused the Psalmist to hate every false way?
“(104) Through thy precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false way… (128) Therefore I esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way” (Psalms 119:104; 128).

18. What lighted the path for the Psalmist?
“Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path… (130) The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple” (Psalms 119:105; 130; cf. Proverbs 6:23).

19. Who did the Psalmist want to depart from him?
“Depart from me, ye evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God” (Psalms 119:115).

* Why? Proverbs 1:10-19 and I Corinthians 15:33.

20. Was the Psalmist happy that people were not keeping God’s law?
No: “Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law… My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten thy words… I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word” (Psalms 119:136; 139; 158).

21. Did the Psalmist ever shed tears or lose sleep over the word of God?
Yes: “(145) I cried with my whole heart; hear me, O LORD: I will keep thy statutes. (146) I cried unto thee; save me, and I shall keep thy testimonies. (147) I prevented the dawning of the morning, and cried: I hoped in thy word. (148) Mine eyes prevent the night watches, that I might meditate in thy word” (Psalms 119:145-148).

22. Why is salvation far from the wicked?
“Salvation is far from the wicked: for they seek not thy statutes” (Psalms 119:155).

23. Why couldn’t the persecution of princes cause the Psalmist to walk away from the word of God?
“(161) Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word. (162) I rejoice at thy word, as one that findeth great spoil. (163) I hate and abhor lying: but thy law do I love. (164) Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments. (165) Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend them” (Psalms 119:161-165).

24. What is said as the 119
th Psalm concludes?
Apparently, the Psalmist had gone astray, returned to the word of God, and wants the Lord to save him: “(169) Let my cry come near before thee, O LORD: give me understanding according to thy word. (170) Let my supplication come before thee: deliver me according to thy word. (171) My lips shall utter praise, when thou hast taught me thy statutes. (172) My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness. (173) Let thine hand help me; for I have chosen thy precepts. (174) I have longed for thy salvation, O LORD; and thy law is my delight. (175) Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy judgments help me. (176) I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget thy commandments” (Psalms 119:169-176).