An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 129 – Surety For A Friend Through Rage In Jealousy (Proverbs 6)

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1. If one became a surety [one taking responsibility for the debt of another] for a friend and was snared with the words of their mouth, what should they have done?
Deliver themselves: “(1) My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, (2) Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth. (3) Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art come into the hand of thy friend; go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend. (4) Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids. (5) Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand of the hunter, and as a bird from the hand of the fowler” (Proverbs 6:1-5).

* What does it mean to be a surety for a friend? Paul took the responsibility for any debt owed by Onesimus to Philemon (
Philemon 1:18-19).

* It was not wise to be a surety for the debt of a friend in a carnal sense (Proverbs 17:18 and Proverbs 22:26).

* Paul was a surety for Onesimus with spiritual reasoning (cf. John 15:12-13).

* It is not a good thing to be snared with the words of one’s mouth (
Proverbs 12:13 and Proverbs 17:7).

* We should seek to reconcile any differences we have as quickly as possible, even with those who are not our “friends” (
Matthew 5:25-26).

* With the imagery used here in delivering oneself as from one being hunted, what kind of “friend” is this anyway (
Proverbs 18:24)?

2. To whom or what should a sluggard [lazy person] go and consider the ways of?
Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wises (Proverbs 6:6).

* Being lazy is NOT a good thing (
Proverbs 10:26, Proverbs 13:4, Proverbs 15:19, Proverbs 18:9, Proverbs 19:15, Proverbs 19:24, Ecclesiastes 9:10, Ecclesiastes 10:18, Romans 12:11, I Corinthians 15:58, Hebrews 6:10-12, II Thessalonians 3:10, and James 2:14-26).

* Lazy people always have excuses (
Proverbs 20:24, Proverbs 22:13, Proverbs 26:13-16, and Matthew 25:24-30).

3. What lessons can be learned from an ant?
“(6) Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: (7) Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, (8) Provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food in the harvest” (Proverbs 6:6-8).

“The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer” (Proverbs 30:25).

* The ant does not need constant oversight and someone pushing them to do their jobs (
Titus 2:14, Titus 3:8, and Ephesians 2:10).

4. What happens to the lazy person who loves sleep?
“(9) How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep? (10) Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: (11) So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man” (Proverbs 6:9-11).

* Proverbs 24:30-34

5. What type of mouth does a naughty person have?
“A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward [perverse] mouth” (Proverbs 6:12).

* A froward [perverse] mouth is not a good thing (
Proverbs 4:24, Proverbs 8:13, and Isaiah 59:3).

* The opposite should be true of us (
Proverbs 8:8 and Proverbs 10:31-32).

6. What does a naughty/wicked person do with his eyes, feet, and fingers?
“He winketh with his eyes, he speaketh with his feet, he teacheth with his fingers” (Proverbs 6:13).

* The idea here is that the wicked communicate in various ways to conceal themselves (cf.
Proverbs 5:6).

7. What does the naughty/wicked type of person work at sowing?
Discord: “Frowardness is in his heart, he deviseth mischief continually; he soweth discord(Proverbs 6:14).

“(28) A froward man soweth strife: and a whisperer separateth chief friends. (29) A violent man enticeth his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good. (30) He shutteth his eyes to devise froward things: moving his lips he bringeth evil to pass” (Proverbs 16:28-30).

* The Lord hates those who sow discord [strife] as we’ll see in question # 10 and talk more about this then (cf.
Proverbs 6:19).

* About the forward heart: “A froward heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person… They that are of a froward heart are abomination to the LORD: but such as are upright in their way are his delight” (Psalms 101:4 and Proverbs 11:20).

8. Does the naughty/wicked person have hope for a good eternal future?
NO: “Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy (Proverbs 6:15).

* No remedy (
II Chronicles 36:16).

9. What six things does the Lord hate?
“(16) These six things doth the LORD hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him: (17) A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, (18) An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief, (19) A false witness that speaketh lies…” (Proverbs 6:16-19).

* This is not a “complete list” of all sins God hates, for God hates ALL sin and sinners (
Psalms 5:4-6 and Hebrews 1:8-9).

(1). Proud look (Psalms 10:4 and I Peter 5:5-6).
(2). Lying tongue (
Proverbs 12:22, John 8:44, Ephesians 4:25, and Revelation 21:8).
(3). Hands that shed innocent blood (
Deuteronomy 19:10, II Kings 24:3-4, and Revelation 22:14-15).
(4). An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations (
Genesis 6:5-7 and Micah 2:1).
(5). Feet that be swift in running to mischief (
Romans 3:11-18).
(6). A false witness that speaks lies (
Proverbs 12:17 and Proverbs 19:5; 9).

10. What is the seventh thing that is an abomination to God?
“…he that soweth discord among brethren” (Proverbs 6:19).

* We are to avoid those who are divisive and will not repent (
Romans 16:17-18 and Titus 3:9-11).

* The Lord wants UNITY, not division (
Psalms 133:1, John 17:20-23, I Corinthians 1:10, and Philippians 3:16).

11. How diligent should we work to keep the scriptural instruction of righteous parents?
“(20) My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: (21) Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck. (22) When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. (23) For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life” (Proverbs 6:20-23).

II Timothy 1:5; II Timothy 3:15-17

Proverbs 1:8-9 and Ephesians 6:1-4.

* Tie them about thy neck (
Proverbs 3:3).

* On your mind night and day (
Joshua 1:8, Psalms 1:1-2, Psalms 119:97, and I Timothy 4:15).

* The commandment is a lamp and light (
Psalms 119:105).

12. What will proper instruction keep one from?
In general, sin (Psalms 119:11), in this context: “To keep thee from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman” (Proverbs 6:24).

* She flatters with her tongue (
Proverbs 7:5).

13. Is the beauty of an evil woman dangerous?
Yes: “Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids” (Proverbs 6:25).

II Samuel 11, Matthew 5:28, Romans 6:12, Romans 13:14, Galatians 5:24, and James 1:13-16.

14. Can a man tangle with a whorish woman and come out of that without harm?
NO: “(26) For by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life. (27) Can a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned? (28) Can one go upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned” (Proverbs 6:26-28)?

15. Why was there a difference between the consequences for a thief and one who goes in to his neighbor’s wife?
Jealousy: “(29) So he that goeth in to his neighbour's wife; whosoever toucheth her shall not be innocent. (30) Men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry; (31) But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house. (32) But whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understanding: he that doeth it destroyeth his own soul. (33) A wound and dishonour shall he get; and his reproach shall not be wiped away. (34) For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance. (35) He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts” (Proverbs 6:29-35).
*The thief still has to restore more than he took (
Ezekiel 33:15 and Luke 19:1-10).
* Adultery was punishable by death (
Leviticus 20:10).

* The law also was in place in the event of suspension of adultery called the Law of Jealously (
Numbers 5:11-31).