An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 181 – Rejoicing The Heart Through Honor From Service (Proverbs 27:9-18)

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1. Like ointment and perfume, what does hearty counsel do for a man?
Hearty counsel from a friend can rejoice the heart: “Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel” (Proverbs 27:9).

  • Ointment and perfume’s represent gladness (Psalms 45:7-8).
  • Good counsel is great (Proverbs 1:5, Proverbs 19:20, and Proverbs 24:6).

2. Should you forsake your friends?
No: “Thine own friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not” (Proverbs 27:10).

  • Proverbs 18:24, Proverbs 27:5-6, and John 15:13.

3. Is it better to depend on a neighbor than a brother who keeps himself at a distance?
Yes: “…neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity: for better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off” (Proverbs 27:10).

  • Sometimes a brother is not there for you (Genesis 4:1-10, Genesis 27:18-36, Genesis 37:11-36, Jeremiah 9:4, and Mark 13:12).
  • A true friend is always there (Proverbs 17:17 and Romans 16:1-4).
  • The definition of Jesus of true friends and brethren are those who obey God (Matthew 12:46-50 and John 15:14).

4. Can the wisdom of a child help the parent defend his or her character?
Yes: “My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him that reproacheth me” (Proverbs 27:11).

  • We want wise children (Proverbs 10:1, Proverbs 15:20, Proverbs 23:24-25, and Ephesians 6:4).
  • A child’s behavior reflects on his or her parent(s) (I Samuel 2:22; 3:12-13, I Timothy 3:4-5, and Titus 1:6).

5. What is a difference between a prudent man and a simple [naïve] person?
“A prudent [caring for the future] man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the simple pass on, and are punished” (Proverbs 27:12).

  • Proverbs 14:15; 18 and Proverbs 22:3; cf. Proverbs 14:18
  • Wisdom prepares us to be aware (Matthew 10:16).
  • The prudent are aware people (Proverbs 14:8).
  • The simple are easy targets (Proverbs 7:7 and Proverbs 9:13-18).
  • Cure for simplicity (Psalms 119:130).
6. If someone is a surety for another, should they be expected to provide something of value for collateral?
Yes: “Take his garment that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for a strange woman” (Proverbs 27:13; cf. Proverbs 20:16).

  • They could take it, but were expected to return it by sundown (Exodus 22:26).
  • Overall, don’t be a surety (Proverbs 6:1-5, Proverbs 11:15, Proverbs 17:18, and Proverbs 22:26-27).

7. Do you want to loudly proclaim praise for a friend early in the morning?
No: “He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him” (Proverbs 27:14).

  • It’s not the praise you might receive from another than is wrong (Proverbs 27:2), but the one who gives it early in the AM.

8. How fun is it to be around a contentious woman?
“A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike” (Proverbs 27:15).

  • Proverbs 19:13, Proverbs 21:9, Proverbs 21:19, and Proverbs 25:24.

9. Can you really hide a contentious woman?
No more than you can hide the wind: “(15) A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike. (16) Whosoever hideth her hideth the wind, and the ointment of his right hand, which bewrayeth itself” (Proverbs 27:15-16).

  • Winds are strong and they are powerful (Psalms 48:7 and John 6:18).
  • Something that “bewrayeth” is something that exposes (Matthew 26:73).

10. Can one man help another to be sharpened?
Yes: “Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend” (Proverbs 27:17).

  • I Samuel 23:16, Job 4:3-4, Isaiah 35:3-4, II Corinthians 7:6, and II Timothy 1:16.

11. If you diligently work what can you expect?
Fruit from your labor: “Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured” (Proverbs 27:18).

  • I Corinthians 9:7 and Colossians 3:22-25.
  • As we’ve seen, you reap what you sow (Job 4:8, Job 34:11, Proverbs 12:14, Proverbs 14:14, Proverbs 22:8, Proverbs 24:12, II Corinthians 5:10, and Galatians 6:7-8).