An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 157 – Delight Not Seemly For A Fool Through A Man Of Great Wrath (Proverbs 19:10-19)

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1. Is delight [delicate living; ASV 1901] seemly [suitable] for a fool?
No: “Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes” (Proverbs 19:10).

  • Proverbs 17:7.
  • “(21) For three things the earth is disquieted [stands in awe], and for four which it cannot bear: (22) For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat; (23) For an odious [hateful] woman when she is married; and an handmaid that is heir to her mistress” (Proverbs 30:21-23).

2. What defers a man’s anger?
“The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression” (Proverbs 19:11).

  • We need discretion (Proverbs 2:11 and Proverbs 3:21-22).
  • We need to control anger (Psalms 37:8, Proverbs 14:29, Proverbs 15:18, Proverbs 16:32, and Colossians 3:12-13).

3. What is a king’s wrath likened unto?
A roaring of a lion: “The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass” (Proverbs 19:12).

  • Proverbs 16:14-15, Proverbs 20:2, and Proverbs 28:15.

4. What are a foolish son and a contentious wife compared to?
No: “A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping” (Proverbs 19:13).

  • A foolish child is no joy to any parent (Proverbs 10:1, Proverbs 15:20, Proverbs 17:21, and Proverbs 17:25).
  • There is a way to bring foolishness out of a child (cf. Proverbs 22:15).
  • A contentious wife is horrible too (Proverbs 21:9, Proverbs 21:19, Proverbs 25:24, and Proverbs 27:15).

5. Who leaves houses and riches behind?
A father: “House and riches are the inheritance of fathers…” (Proverbs 19:14).

  • Under the Old Law, an earthly inheritance was of the utmost importance (Genesis 17:7-8 and Ezra 9:10-12; cf. Proverbs 13:22). Under the Law of Christ we work to give our children a far greater inheritance (II Timothy 3:15).

6. Who is the source of prudent wives?
The Lord: “…a prudent wife is from the LORD” (Proverbs 19:14).

  • Proverbs 18:22, Proverbs 31:10-31, and James 1:17.

7. Is it productive to be lazy?
“Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger” (Proverbs 19:15).

  • Proverbs 6:9-10, Proverbs 19:24, Proverbs 20:13, Proverbs 21:25, Proverbs 22:13, Proverbs 23:21, Proverbs 26:13-15, Romans 12:11, and Hebrews 6:12.

8. If you want to keep your soul what should you keep?
“He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; but he that despiseth his ways shall die” (Proverbs 19:16).

  • Deuteronomy 4:2, Proverbs 3:1, Ecclesiastes 8:5, Ecclesiastes 12:13-14, Jeremiah 7:23, Luke 11:28, John 14:15, John 14:21-23, John 15:10-14, and Revelation 22:14.

9. Will we be rewarded for aiding those who are truly poor?
Yes: “He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again” (Proverbs 19:17).

  • Proverbs 28:27, Matthew 6:19-21, II Corinthians 9:6-8, and Philippians 4:14-17.

10. Can withholding correction from a child leave that child hopeless?
“Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying” (Proverbs 19:18).

  • Proverbs 3:12, Proverbs 13:24, Proverbs 22:6, Proverbs 22:15, Proverbs 23:13-14, Proverbs 29:15, Proverbs 29:17, and Ephesians 6:4.

11. Does a man of great wrath learn from his mistakes?
No: “A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again” (Proverbs 19:19).

  • Proverbs 25:28 and Proverbs 29:22.