An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 150 – The Heart Of The Wise Through The Casting Of Lots (Proverbs 16:23-33)
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1. What does the heart of the wise do?
“The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips” (Proverbs 16:23).

  • The heart of the wise (Proverbs 10:8, Ecclesiastes 7:4, and Ecclesiastes 8:5).
  • Also the heart of the foolish (Proverbs 15:7).
  • The mouth (Psalms 37:30-31, Proverbs 10:14, and Proverbs 15:2).
  • The lips (Proverbs 22:17-18 and Ecclesiastes 10:12).
  • The heart and our mouths are connected (Matthew 12:34-37 and Luke 6:45).

2. Are pleasant words good for us to hear?
Yes, but with caution (more on this in a moment): “Pleasant words are as an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones” (Proverbs 16:24).

  • Proverbs 25:11-12, Proverbs 25:25, and Proverbs 27:9.
  • The caution is that people often want to hear pleasant words when they are in sin. This is not when pleasant words are profitable (Ecclesiastes 7:5, Proverbs 27:5-6, II Timothy 4:2, and Revelation 3:19).

3. Is the way that seems right always the right way to choose?
No: “There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death” (Proverbs 16:25).

  • Proverbs 3:5-7, Proverbs 12:15, Proverbs 14:12, Proverbs 14:16, Proverbs 16:2, Proverbs 16:25, Proverbs 20:24, Proverbs 21:2, Proverbs 28:26, Proverbs 30:12, Isaiah 5:21, Isaiah 55:7-9, Jeremiah 10:23, Jeremiah 17:9, Hosea 13:2, II Corinthians 10:12, II Corinthians 10:18, and Galatians 6:3.

4. What is one motivation for a man to labor?
To feed himself: “He that laboureth laboureth for himself; for his mouth craveth it of him” (Proverbs 16:26).

  • Ecclesiastes 6:7, I Thessalonians 4:11-12, and II Thessalonians 3:10.

5. What does an ungodly man dig up?
Evil: “An ungodly man diggeth up evil: and in his lips there is as a burning fire” (Proverbs 16:27).

  • The point is, an evil man works hard at bringing about evil (Isaiah 5:18).

6. What does a froward man and a whisperer do?
“A froward [perverse] man soweth strife: and a whisperer separateth chief friends” (Proverbs 16:28).

  • Sowing of strife (Proverbs 6:14, Proverbs 29:22, Philippians 2:3, and James 3:16).
  • Whispering (Proverbs 26:20-22).

7. What kind of man entices his neighbor?
A violent man enticeth his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good” (Proverbs 16:29; cf. Proverbs 29:5).

  • We should love our neighbors (Galatians 5:14 and James 2:8), not seek to entice them (Proverbs 14:21 and Proverbs 24:28).
  • If we find ourselves being enticed, we should not go with that person (Proverbs 1:10).

8. In the context of the violent man, what does he do when he shuts his eyes?
“He shutteth his eyes to devise froward things: moving his lips he bringeth evil to pass” (Proverbs 16:30).

  • No matter what an evil man is doing, he’s working something that is not good (Proverbs 6:12-14).

9. When is the hoary [grayish-white] head a crown of glory?
“The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness (Proverbs 16:31).

  • Old age does not always mean wisdom or righteousness (Job 32:1-18), but being aged is not an ugly thing (Proverbs 20:29).

10. How good is it to be able to control one’s anger?
“He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city” (Proverbs 16:32).

  • Proverbs 14:17, Proverbs 14:29, Proverbs 15:18, Proverbs 25:28, and James 1:19-20.

11. When a lot was cast, was it chance that brought about the decision or was the disposing [verdict; decision] of the Lord?
“The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD(Proverbs 16:33).

  • Lots often showed the Lord’s will (Joshua 18:6-10, I Samuel 14:37-46, and Acts 1:15-26).