An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 135 – False Balances Through Surety For A Stranger (Proverbs 11:1-15)
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1. What is God’s view of a false balance [scale]?
God does not appreciate those who try to cheat, lie, and steal by false measurements: “A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight” (Proverbs 11:1).

Leviticus 19:35-36, Deuteronomy 25:13-16, Proverbs 16:11, Proverbs 20:10, Proverbs 20:23, and Hosea 12:7.

2. What comes with pride?
“When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom” (Proverbs 11:2; cf. Proverbs 16:18-19 and Luke 18:10-14).

3. What guides the upright and what destroys the transgressors?
“The integrity of the upright shall guide them: but the perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them… The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness” (Proverbs 11:3; 5).

* Integrity and righteousness of the upright (
Psalms 26:1 and Proverbs 13:6).

* The perverseness of transgressors (
Proverbs 28:18; cf. Proverbs 21:7).

4. Will riches be able to save someone’s soul?
No: “Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but …” (Proverbs 11:4a.; cf. Job 36:18-19, Psalms 49:6-7, Proverbs 10:2, Matthew 16:26, and James 5:1-3).

5. What delivers the upright?
“(4b.) …but righteousness delivereth from death. (5) The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness. (6) The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in their own naughtiness” (Proverbs 11:4b.-6).

* Righteousness delivers from death (
Proverbs 12:28 and I Peter 4:17-19).

6. What happens to the expectation [hope] of a wicked man when he dies?
His hope is gone: “When a wicked man dieth, his expectation shall perish: and the hope of unjust men perisheth” (Proverbs 11:7).

* The wicked now suffer after death (
Luke 16:19-31), but the righteous has hope in death (Proverbs 14:32 and Luke 23:43).

7. When the righteous were delivered out of trouble, what happened to the wicked?
“The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead” (Proverbs 11:8).

* This was true when God’s hand was miraculously involved in the affairs of His people (
Esther 6:4; 7:3-10, Proverbs 21:18, and Daniel 6:23-24).

8. What harm does a hypocrite bring to his or her neighbor?
“An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered” (Proverbs 11:9; cf. Job 34:30 and Matthew 15:1-14).

9. Do righteous individuals bring good things to the cities they live in?
Yes: “(10) When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting. (11) By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted: but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked” (Proverbs 11:10-11).

Genesis 18:20-32, Ecclesiastes 9:15, Jeremiah 5:1, and Matthew 5:13-16.

10. Do wise individuals despise their neighbors?
No, those void of wisdom despise their neighbors: “He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace” (Proverbs 11:12).

* Wise individuals love their neighbors, because God commands such (
Leviticus 19:18, Matthew 19:19, Romans 13:9-10, Galatians 5:14, and James 2:8). It is wise to obey that which God commands (Proverbs 10:8).

11. What is the difference between a talebearer and a faithful spirit?
“A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter” (Proverbs 11:13).

* It’s not good to be a talebearer (
Leviticus 19:16, Proverbs 20:19, and Proverbs 26:20-22).
* We certainly should not break confidences (
Proverbs 25:9).

12. Is it a good thing when faithful counselors are not among the people?
No: “Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety” (Proverbs 11:14; cf. Proverbs 15:22; 24:6).

* Providing the counsel is godly (
Job 32:1-14, John 18:14, and Acts 13:6-10).

13. Is it wise to be a surety [one taking responsibility for the debt of another] for a stranger?
No: “He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure” (Proverbs 11:15).

* See also:
Proverbs 6:1-5, Proverbs 17:18, and Proverbs 22:26-27.