An Overview Of The Old Testament

Part 136 – A Gracious Woman Through The Righteous Recompensed (Proverbs 11:16-31)
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1. What kind of woman retains honor?
A gracious woman: “A gracious [grace, pleasant, precious – Strong’s #2580] woman retaineth honour: and strong men retain riches” (Proverbs 11:16).

Proverbs 12:4, Proverbs 19:14, Proverbs 31:10, Proverbs 31:25, and Proverbs 31:30-31.

2. Are there some people who cause themselves trouble?
Yes: “The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh (Proverbs 11:17).

* The merciful man does good for his soul (
Psalms 112:4-9, Matthew 5:7, and Matthew 6:14-15 [**if they repent – Luke 17:3-4**]).

* The cruel person troubles his own flesh (
James 2:13).

3. Do wicked workers, which pursue evil, have a good reward?
No. The righteous have the reward of life while wicked workers have death to look forward to: “(18) The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure reward. (19) As righteousness tendeth to life: so he that pursueth evil pursueth it to his own death” (Proverbs 11:18-19).

“(12) Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for it is time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you. (13) Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies: because thou didst trust in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men” (Hosea 10:12-13).

* The reward of life to the righteous (Proverbs 10:16, Proverbs 11:4, Proverbs 12:28, Proverbs 19:23, Romans 2:7, and I John 2:25).

* Death to the wicked (
Proverbs 5:22, Proverbs 22:8, Romans 6:23, and Galatians 6:7-8).

4. Is it better to be upright or to have a froward heart?
You want to be upright: “They that are of a froward heart are abomination to the LORD: but such as are upright in their way are his delight” (Proverbs 11:20).
* It’s not good to be froward [perverse] (
Proverbs 17:20, Proverbs 21:8, and Proverbs 22:5).

* The upright are in good shape (
Psalms 7:10 and Psalms 37:37).

5. Will the wicked escape the judgment of God?
No: “Though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered” (Proverbs 11:21).

* Even though hand be joined [the wicked work together] in hand (
Proverbs 16:5).

* The wicked will not go unpunished (
Psalms 37:20 and Isaiah 13:11).

6. What is a fair woman without discretion compared to?
As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, so is a fair woman which is without discretion” (Proverbs 11:22).

I Peter 3:1-7

7. Do righteous individuals desire evil things?
NO: “The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath” (Proverbs 11:23).

Psalms 27:4 and Matthew 5:6.

8. Is it good to hoard wealth and look at what you save as something you can trust in?
No: “(24) There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty. (25) The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself. (26) He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing shall be upon the head of him that selleth it. (27) He that diligently seeketh good procureth favour: but he that seeketh mischief, it shall come unto him. (28) He that trusteth in his riches shall fall: but the righteous shall flourish as a branch” (Proverbs 11:24-28).

* We want to be liberal in our usage of funds for good things (
Proverbs 28:27 and II Corinthians 9:6-11).

* It is very unwise to build up and store earthly treasures (
Ecclesiastes 5:9-16 and Luke 12:13-21). *Not saying we should be unwise, liberal, and worldly in spending either!

* We should never, no matter how much we have in “savings”, trust in riches of this world (
Psalms 62:10, Proverbs 23:5, and I Timothy 6:17).

9. What is the inheritance of one who troubles his own house?
* The wind: “He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind: and the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart” (Proverbs 11:29; cf. Hosea 8:7).

* For discussion,
Matthew 10:34-37 shows trouble in one’s household is sure to come. Light and darkness cannot peaceable co-exist (Psalms 119:115, Proverbs 29:27, John 3:19-21, John 15:17-19, Ephesians 5:11, and I John 3:13).

10. What is he that winneth souls?
Wise: “The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise (Proverbs 11:30).

* A soul winner is a soul catcher (
Luke 5:9-10).

* We want to be part of helping others to be converted to the Lord (
Psalms 51:13, Colossians 1:28, I Thessalonians 1:6-8, II Timothy 2:2, and James 5:19-20).

11. The wording in the KJV of Proverbs 11:31 is a little unclear. For our studies, please consider the following information before the question is asked.
The KJV says: “Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner” (Proverbs 11:31).

The ASV says:
“Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: How much more the wicked and the sinner” (Proverbs 11:31)!

The NKJV says: “
If the righteous will be recompensed on the earth, How much more the ungodly and the sinner” (Proverbs 11:31).

The word “recompensed” [Strong’s # 7999] means: “to receive the reward of deeds” (Gesenius's Lexicon). The same Hebrew word is later translated as “rewarded” in
Proverbs 13:13 and “reward” in Proverbs 25:22.

The word “recompense” is often tied to being judged and rewarded based on one’s deeds (
Psalms 18:24, Ezekiel 9:10, Ezekiel 22:31, Luke 14:14, II Thessalonians 1:6, and Hebrews 10:30).

To the question: What Scripture, in the New Testament, teaches the same point as Proverbs 11:31 (hint – near the end of I Peter 4)?
“Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner” (Proverbs 11:31).

* Notice verse
18 here: “(17) For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? (18) And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? (19) Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator” (I Peter 4:17-19).