Having A Basic Understanding of Some Old Testament Truths

Part 336 – A Brief Recap Of Some Events From I Samuel – II Kings


PDF Will Be Added Once This Study Is Completed



1. What did Hannah promise God with her request to have a child?

She said: “... I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head” (I Samuel 1:11).


  • She kept her word in giving the child over to Eli (I Samuel 1:21-28).

  • Regarding no razor coming on his head… Numbers 6:1-6 and Judges 13:1-5

  • Because of her deeds, she had five more children (I Samuel 2:18-21).


2. Why did God reject Eli the priest and his house?

Because his sons were evil (I Samuel 2:12-17 and I Samuel 2:22-26) and he himself kicked at the Lord’s offering and honored his sons above the Lord (I Samuel 2:27-34).


  • Sons of Belial”. Belial is translated here from the Hebrew word “בְּלִיַּעַל. That term means: “worthless, good for nothing, unprofitable, base fellow, wicked” (Strong’s # 1100). Since we are contextually talking about Eli’s sons, we know their father is not literally named Belial, therefore we know this term here and in other places is to be taken as to mean those who are disciples of evil. This concept is clearly a way God looks at sinners (I John 3:8-10).

    • This term is translated as “Belial” throughout the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 13:13, Judges 19:22, Judges 20:13, I Samuel 1:16, I Samuel 10:27, I Samuel 25:17, I Samuel 25:25, I Samuel 30:22, II Samuel 16:7, II Samuel 20:1, II Samuel 23:6, I Kings 21:10, I Kings 21:13, and II Chronicles 13:7).

    • The Hebrew term (Strong’s #1100) is also translated as “wicked” (Deuteronomy 15:9, Job 24:18, Psalms 101:3, Nahum 1:1, and Nahum 1:15). “Ungodly” (II Samuel 22:5, Psalms 18:4, and Proverbs 16:27; 19:28). “Evil” (Psalms 41:8). “Naughty” (Proverbs 6:12).

    • The New Testament as a Greek term “Βελίαλtranslated as “Belial” and that word has an Hebrew origin (II Corinthians 6:14-18). It essentially has the same meaning as the Hebrew term.

  • Eli’s sons were not following the instructions concerning sacrifices to God (Leviticus 3:3-5) but served their own bellies (Isaiah 46:10-12).

  • In reference to I Samuel 2:35-36 see I Kings 2:27

  • Eli’s sons died as God said and Eli’s death can from falling off his seat (I Samuel 4:10-18).


3. Who made Samuel a prophet?

The Lord (I Samuel 3:1-21).


  • Samuel was the Lord’s man (I Chronicles 29:29, II Chronicles 35:18, and Acts 13:20).

  • Samuel was not the only prophet to have the Lord call unto him (Exodus 3:1-4:31, I Kings 19:1-18, Isaiah 6:1-13, Jeremiah 1:4-19, Amos 7:12-16, Jonah 1:1-2, Jonah 3:1-2, Acts 9:1-18, etc.).

  • Samuel was also a judge (I Samuel 7:6 and I Samuel 7:15).


4. What did the Philistines know and learn about the ark of God?

They knew that the presence of God meant destruction from THEIR KNOWLEDGE of what happened in Egypt (I Samuel 4:1-9). They chose to fight against Israel, won, and took the ark (I Samuel 4:10-22). After bringing into their lands, they LEARNED that God would smite them for such. When they brought the ark to Ashdod their idol “Dagon” was destroyed, the people were smitten with emerods [tumors] (I Samuel 5:6-7). The then took the ark to Gath and the men there were given emerods in their private parts (I Samuel 5:8-9). Ekron was next and faced the same thing which led them to cry out to send the ark away (I Samuel 5:10-12). They returned the ark of God after building a cart and putting offerings [ignorantly] therein (I Samuel 6:1-18). Once given to the men of Bethshemesh they looked in the cart and were smitten with a slaughter for looking in there (I Samuel 6:19-21).


5. What did Israel need to do to be delivered out of the hands of the Philistines?

(1) And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. (2) And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. (3) And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines” (I Samuel 7:1-3).


  • They did as commanded and the Lord subdued the Philistines (I Samuel 7:4-17).

  • Exodus 23:22 and I Samuel 12:20-25


6. Since Samuel’s sons walked contrary to the right ways, what did the elders of Israel ask for?

They wanted a king to be like the other nations (as prophesied – Deuteronomy 17:14-20). God permitted it, though He saw such as a rejection of Himself (I Samuel 10:19) as their king, but had Samuel warn them that this would be to their hurt in the long run (I Samuel 8:1-22).


  • Judges were SUPPOSED to judge justly (Deuteronomy 16:18-19).

  • Times of perverted judgment were called “evil times” (Amos 5:4-13).

  • Many times, the kings of Israel caused them to err and brought what God warned. We shall see this as we proceed through the O.T. (Isaiah 3:12, Isaiah 9:16, etc.).


7. Who was chosen to be the first king in Israel?

Saul (I Samuel 9:1-11:15).


  • Saul was a “choice young man… goodly”, but the Lord did not judge men on such a standard (I Samuel 16:7).

  • A seer (9:9) is a prophet and a term we read about throughout the “Old Testament” (II Samuel 24:11, II Kings 17:13, etc.).

  • There were “high places” because the temple was not yet built (I Kings 3:2).

  • Samuel knew Saul was coming ahead of time (Amos 3:7).

  • Samuel told Saul to stand still so that he could shew him the word of God (cf. Deuteronomy 5:5).

  • Anointing with oil (I Samuel 16:13 and II Kings 9:1-6).

  • Samuel stood faultless before Israel and reminded them of part of their history and exhorted them to obey God as he reminded them of the consequences of obedience and disobedience (I Samuel 12:1-25). This was the judge “passing the torch” to the king.


8. What foolish actions did Saul take that resulted in him being rejected by God as the king?

He offered an unauthorized offering to the Lord (I Samuel 13:1-14) and he did not destroy all of the Amalekites as God instructed (I Samuel 15:1-31).


  • Priests were to offer sacrifices (Leviticus 7:34-35). Unless God instructed otherwise (II Samuel 24:18-19).

  • In the midst of this all, Israel erred in eating blood (I Samuel 14:31-33; cf. Genesis 9:4, Leviticus 3:17; 7:27; 17:10; 19:26) because Saul had caused them to be weak by forbidding eating anything (I Samuel 14:24-30).


9. Who was anointed to replace Saul as king?

David, the son of Jesse (I Samuel 16:1-13).


  • A man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22).


10. What did Saul do when an evil spirit troubled him?

He sought someone who was cunning on the harp which led to David being brought unto him (I Samuel 16:14-23).


11. When Israel feared Goliath, who stepped up to defeat him?

David knew the battle was the Lord’s, so he took him on a defeated him after hearing the challenge Goliath made in defying the army of the living God (I Samuel 17:1-54).


12. Was Saul supportive of David?

No, he conspired against him, tried to kill him, set traps, caused his own son (Jonathan) to protect David, chased David into the wilderness, etc. (I Samuel 18:1-30:31). In all of this, David would not do wrong to Saul or seek to kill Saul to defend himself (I Samuel 24:1-22).


13. Who, contrary to Saul’s law, went to the witch of Endor to enquire of the then dead Samuel?

Saul (I Samuel 28:1-15). For this, Saul’s death and his son’s deaths were on the morrow when God delivered Israel to the Philistines again (I Samuel 28:16-20).


  • Exodus 22:18, Leviticus 19:31, Leviticus 20:6, Leviticus 20:27, Deuteronomy 18:9-14, I Samuel 28:3-25, Isaiah 8:19-20, Malachi 3:5, Acts 19:18-19, and Galatians 5:19-21



14. What did David do when he received the news that Saul and Jonathan died?

David mourned, lamented, was made king by the people of Judah, battled with Israel, battled with the house of Saul, but ultimately was made king over all of Israel. After that, they conquered Jerusalem and defeated the Philistines too (II Samuel 1:1-5:25).


  • David was lied to about what happened to Saul and held the liar responsible (II Samuel 1:1-16; cf. Matthew 12:37).

  • We read of the book of Jasher (II Samuel 1:18; cf. Joshua 10:13), which is one of many we do not have access to today. For a study on this, see this article: http://www.wordsoftruth.net/wotvol16/wotbulletin04172016.html

  • David had Judah taught to use the bow (II Samuel 1:18; cf. I Chronicles 12:1-2).

  • David was hurt over the death of Jonathan (II Samuel 1:26) because of their close relationship (I Samuel 18:1 and I Samuel 20:17; cf. Proverbs 18:24).

  • David sought God’s counsel in what to do (II Samuel 2:1) as was his way at this time (I Samuel 23:2, I Samuel 23:4, I Samuel 23:9-12, I Samuel 30:7-8, etc.).

  • Violence between Israel and Judah continue until Ishbosheth’s murder, which David avenged (II Samuel 4:1-12).

  • David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David (II Samuel 5:7; cf. I Kings 8:1, I Chronicles 23:25, Psalms 2:6, Psalms 87:2, Psalms 132:13, Psalms 135:21, and Hebrews 12:22-23; 28).

  • Yet, though right in many ways, consider how foolish he was to take more wives and concubines (Deuteronomy 17:14-17) even though the Law of Moses allowed it.


15. After the Philistines were defeated, what error caused the death of Uzzah?

Israel was bringing back the ark of God and Uzzah touched it, to prevent it from falling, without authority to do so (II Samuel 6:1-11).


  • He wasn’t a Levite and the error all started with their improper transport of the ark to begin with. For the explanation of this, consider this text: I Chronicles 13:1-15:29


16. Why, though Nathan erringly gave permission, did God say David could not build Him [God] a house [temple]?

God told David He never asked for it, and then went on to reveal that He had plans for David’s son [Solomon] to build Him a house (II Samuel 7:1-21).


17. Who was Mephibosheth and what did David do for him?

Mephibosheth was the son of Jonathan and he was lame in his feet. David sought him out and cared for him (II Samuel 9:1-13).


  • David kept his word (cf. I Samuel 20:14-17).


18. What did David do when he lusted after Bathsheba?

David, knowing she was married to Uriah, sent messengers and took her (II Samuel 11:1-4). She became pregnant with his child (II Samuel 11:5). David had Joab arrange for her husband to come home to be with his wife to conceal his fathering of the child (II Samuel 11:58). Uriah was too honorable to sleep with his wife while he should have been at war (II Samuel 11:9-13). David then arranged to have him at the front lines of battle so that he would die (II Samuel 11:14-24). He then took Bathsheba to be his wife (II Samuel 11:25-27).


  • Leviticus 20:10, Proverbs 6:20-35, Matthew 5:27-30, and James 1:13-16

  • Here being purified from her uncleanness (Leviticus 15:19-33).

  • For discussion, consider why God acted one way when He was displeased in the past (Genesis 38:6-10) and differently here (II Samuel 11:27) in light of the following: Psalms 18:50 and Luke 1:31-33.


19. What happened after David sins regarding Bathsheba and Uriah?

Nathan the prophet exposed David’s hypocrisy (cf. Romans 2:1-23) with the story about a ewe lamb (II Samuel 12:1-9). David was then told the sword would NEVER depart from his house and, even though David confessed his faults, the child was going to die (II Samuel 12:10-23).


  • Consider how David’s transgression gave the enemies of the Lord the ability to speak evil of the Lord and how the Lord feels about that (Ezekiel 36:20-23). The principal of a child bringing shame on his or her father (Proverbs 19:26; 28:7).


20. Who was Solomon’s mother?

Bathsheba was Solomon’s mother (II Samuel 12:24).


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