Studies In The Book Of John
Introduction Thoughts On The Book Of John:
A. There was two predominate persons known as “John” in the N.T. How do we know who penned the “Book of John” (as well as 1st, 2nd, 3rd John, and Revelation)?
1. There was “John the Baptist” (Matthew 3:1).
a. He was a great man (Matthew 11:11-12).
b. We will be talking about John the Baptist in the very first chapter of John (John 1:6, etc.).
c. John the Baptist died before Jesus did (Matthew 14:1-12).
d. Therefore, we know he could NOT have been the penman since the Book of John goes through the life and death of our Lord (John 21:14).
2. The John who penned this book is obviously the Apostle known as John (Matthew 10:2).
a. While John is the penman, the author is God (II Timothy 3:16-17).
i. Inspiration does not occur without the Father’s role (John 14:23-24 and John 17:17).
ii. Inspiration does not occur without the Son’s role (Hebrews 1:1-2).
iii. Inspiration does not occur without the Holy Spirit’s role (II Samuel 23:2, John 16:12-13, I Corinthians 2:9-13, and II Peter 1:19-21).
b. Deity, in all three persons, worked together to bring us the truth (John 14:26).
3. No “argument” could be made that John (a.k.a. Mark) was the penman (Acts 12:25) as he was not with the Lord.
B. Any book of the Bible is profitable to study (II Timothy 3:16-17).
1. The book of John has a goal we read about in the end of this book (John 20:30-31; 21:24-25).
2. We’ll see a greater focus on the end of our Lord’s life than Matthew, Mark, or Luke offer.
The Text of John 1:1-5:
John 1:1-2 - “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.”
A. In the beginning (Genesis 1:1).
1. Christ precedes the beginning of the earth (John 17:5 and Colossians 1:17).
2. The plan for Christ precedes the beginning as well (Ephesians 3:8-11, II Timothy 1:9, Titus 1:2, and I Peter 1:18-25).
B. “The Word” is Christ (John 1:14).
C. “The Word” was with God (John 3:13; 16:28).
1. Heaven has three persons as deity (Matthew 28:19 and I John 5:7).
2. Christ was to return to the Father (John 14:28; 20:17) and He did so (Acts 1:4-11).
D. “The Word” was/is God (John 10:30-33).
1. The Scriptures plainly declare the deity of Christ while He was on earth (Matthew 1:23, John 20:26-29, Acts 20:28, Romans 9:1-5, and I Timothy 3:16).
2. The Scriptures plainly declare the deity of Christ before and after He was on earth (John 8:56-58, Titus 2:13, Hebrews 1:8-9, and I John 5:20).
3. The works of Christ declare the deity of Christ:
a. Forgiving sins (Mark 2:1-10).
b. He taught that only God is to be worshipped (Matthew 4:9-10). He accepted worship proving He is deity (Matthew 8:1-4, Matthew 9:18, Matthew 28:9; 17, Luke 24:49-53, and John 9:35-38).
4. Think of Hebrews 1:3.
a. We are created in the image of God (Genesis 1:27 and I Corinthians 15:45).
i. In this manner, we have a spirit (Genesis 2:7).
ii. We are not deity equal to the Father, Son, or the Holy Spirit (Ecclesiastes 12:13-14).
b. Christ is the “express image” [5481: “the exact expression (the image) of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect, i.e facsimile” (Thayer)] of the person of God (II Corinthians 4:3-4).
c. In other words, Christ is one with His Father (John 10:30; cf. Colossians 1:18-19).
5. Jesus declared that if anyone had seen Him, they had seen the Father (John 8:19, John 14:8-11, and John 15:24).
John 1:3 - “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.”
A. You cannot have the creation without Christ (Colossians 1:12-16 and Hebrews 1:10-13).
B. Nothing was made without the involvement of Jesus (I Corinthians 8:6).
John 1:4 - “In him was life; and the life was the light of men.”
A. In Christ was/is life (John 5:21, John 11:25, John 14:6, and I John 5:11).
1. Redemption is in Christ (Romans 3:24).
2. All are made alive in Christ (I Corinthians 15:22).
3. We are new creatures in Christ (II Corinthians 5:17).
4. To summarize: All spiritual blessings are in Christ (Ephesians 1:3).
5. The above benefits “in Christ” require us getting into Christ (Galatians 3:26-27).
B. Christ is the light for men (John 8:12, Acts 26:22-23, and Ephesians 5:13-14).
John 1:5 – “And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.”
A. Christ shined in darkness (John 12:46 and Acts 26:18; cf. Ephesians 5:8).
B. They knew Him not (John 1:10, John 3:19-21, John 12:36-40, and I Corinthians 2:14).
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