Words Of Truth
"That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth..." (Proverbs 22:21).
Jesus In The Old Testament
Outline by tBrian A. Yeager
I. Introduction: Some studies of the Scriptures are challenging (II Peter 3:16). This study is meant to be an enjoyable challenge.
A. We shall see that Jesus SURELY was involved in the O.T., but we shall also see that knowing when is not always so easy or clear! Don’t get stuck on terms...
1. I.E. There are three different persons in Heaven (Matthew 28:19 and I John 5:7). All three are called “God” (Ephesians 1:2-3, Romans 9:1-5, and Acts 5:1-4). Thus, when studying through the Scriptures about “God”; we have to know whether we are reading of the Father, Son, or Holy Spirit.
2. I.E. The word “Lord” doesn’t even clearly, if alone in a context, tell us of which person of God we are talking about. For the word “Lord” could apply to the Father (Matthew 11:25), the Son (I Corinthians 1:8-9), and possibly even the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:39). So, we have to be cautious in saying whether or not “Lord” means Father, Son, or Holy Spirit.
B. We read that God spoke during the Law of Moses by the prophets and now through Christ (Hebrews 1:1-2).
1. We know that Jesus came in the flesh and established His law (John 1:14-17).
2. We know that the words of Christ will judge us (John 12:48).
3. We know that the Holy Spirit enabled the Apostles to continue teaching the words of Christ after Jesus ascended into Heaven (John 14:26, John 16:13, and I Corinthians 2:9-16).
4. Thus, we know that from the 1st century forward, all things come from Jesus our Lord (Matthew 28:18).
C. Having said that… Jesus did NOT inactively wait in Heaven until the first century (John 1:1-5).
1. Jesus came in the flesh in the first century for a reason (Romans 8:3 and I Peter 3:18).
2. However, Jesus existence and work did not just suddenly begin in the first century (Colossians 1:12-17).
II. Body: We Can Surely See Jesus In The Old Testament (I Corinthians 10:1-11) And He May Be In Scriptures Not Often Thought Of To Be Speaking Of Him.
A. Note what Paul was referring to that confirms Christ’ activity in the Old Testament:
1. That followed [accompanied] them (Exodus 13:21-22).
2. They tempted Him and were destroyed of the serpents (Numbers 21:4-9).
B. Is this Jesus (Genesis 12:7 and Genesis 17:1-3)?
1. It wasn’t the Father (I John 4:12). *Remember this going forward!
2. There was also a difference when the Lord appeared and angels (Genesis 18:1-2; cf. Genesis 18:22; Genesis 19:1)
C. Is this Jesus (Genesis 32:24-32)?
1. Earlier… Genesis 28:12-19
2. We read this later… Genesis 35:6-15
3. And then... Genesis 48:3
4. However, another context, uses the word “angel” (Hosea 12:3-4).
5. Having said that, could Jesus be referred to as an “angel”??? The word does mean “messenger” (Strong’s # 4397). Consider this next point...
D. Is this Jesus (Exodus 3:11-14)?
1. Jesus inferred such (John 8:58).
2. Yet, as the point above concerning Jacob, the context says “the angel of the Lord” and “God” (Exodus 3:1-4).
3. The word of God says an angel elsewhere, but that angel claimed to be God (Acts 7:30-35).
4. Could an angel, in the sense that most think of them (I Peter 3:22)…
a. ...Really have claimed to have been God (Hebrews 1:8-14)?
b. … Have accepted reverence (Revelation 22:6-10)?
E. Is this Jesus (Exodus 24:9-12)?
1. It couldn’t have been the Father (John 1:18)?
2. Yet, it could have been Christ in that looking upon Him was in a figure such as looking upon the Father (John 14:6-9).
F. Here is a “fun one” (Exodus 33:11-23).
1. The context APPEARS to say two different things (vs. 11; vs. 23).
2. Yet, we should consider that “face to face” is not literal and means in person, while the reason Moses could not REALLY look on the Lord [whom was not in the form of a man] is explained later (I Timothy 6:13-16).
3. More clarification… Numbers 12:1-15
III. Conclusion: While some texts are unclear, one thing is not, Jesus was active since before the world (I Corinthians 8:6) and is even today (Romans 8:34).
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© 2016 This material may not be used for sale or other means to have financial gain. Use this as a tool for your own studies if such is helpful! Preachers are welcome to this work, but please do not use my work so that you can be lazy and not do your own studies. – Brian A. Yeager