II Timothy Introduction

I. Author / Penman of I Timothy

A. Paul clearly pointed out to Timothy that God is the author of all scriptures (II Timothy 3:16-17).
1. Men spoke the words the Holy Spirit gave them (John 16:13, Acts 2:4, I Corinthians 2:9-13, and II Peter 1:20-21).
2. Those men guided by the Holy Spirit spoke the words that God put in their mouths (II Samuel 23:2 and Jeremiah 1:9).
B. It is undeniable that the book of II Timothy was penned by the Apostle Paul as he identifies himself as the penman in the opening of the Epistle (II Timothy 1:1).
II. Date and History Surrounding the Time This Book Was Penned
A. This Epistle was penned during Paul’s second Roman imprisonment in which history records Paul was put to death.
1. This point is verified in what Paul penned in this letter to Timothy (II Timothy 1:8; 16, and 4:6-8).
2. The time of the writing of II Timothy would have been around 66-68 AD.
B. The “International Standard Bible Encyclopedia” records this about Paul’s death, which allows us to see some of the historical factors at this time:
“Last Imprisonment and Death of Paul, the Apostle: 68 (or 67) AD:
When Paul writes again to Timothy he has had a winter in prison, and has suffered greatly from the cold and does not wish to spend another winter in the Mamertine (probably) prison (2Ti_4:13, 2Ti_4:21). We do not know what the charges now are. They may have been connected with the burning of Rome. There were plenty of informers eager to win favor with Nero. Proof was not now necessary. Christianity is no longer a religio licita under the shelter of Judaism. It is now a crime to be a Christian. It is dangerous to be seen with Paul now, and he feels the desertion keenly (2Ti_1:15 ff; 2Ti_4:10). Only Luke, the beloved physician, is with Paul (2Ti_4:11), and such faithful ones as live in Rome still in hiding (2Ti_4:21). Paul hopes that Timothy may come and bring Mark also (2Ti_4:11). Apparently Timothy did come and was put into prison (Heb_13:23). Paul is not afraid. He knows that he will die. He has escaped the mouth of the lion (2Ti_4:17), but he will die (2Ti_4:18). The Lord Jesus stood by him, perhaps in visible presence (2Ti_4:17). The tradition is, for now Paul fails us, that Paul, as a Roman citizen, was beheaded on the Ostian Road just outside of Rome. Nero died June, 68 AD, so that Paul was executed before that date, perhaps in the late spring of that year (or 67). Perhaps Luke and Timothy were with him. It is fitting, as Findlay suggests, to let Paul's words in 2Ti_4:6-8 serve for his own epitaph. He was ready to go to be with Jesus, as he had long wished to be (Phi_1:23).”

III. Some Points to Be Made in Second Timothy

A. Greeting (1:1-5).
B. Paul exhorts Timothy to remain faithful (1:6-14).
C. Paul tells Timothy of some who deserted him and another (Onesiphorus) who sought him out and remained with him (1:15-18).
D. Paul exhorts Timothy to endure hardness and remind others to do the same (2:1-14).
E. Paul tells Timothy to work hard to study and keep the faith by avoiding error and youthful lusts (2:15-22).
F. Paul tells Timothy to avoid questions that result in division while instructing those that oppose themselves (2:23-26).
G. Paul warns Timothy of the current and coming apostasy (3:1-9).
H. Paul reminds Timothy of the example he has been to Timothy and exhorts him to be steadfast in the inspired word of God (3:10-17).
I. Paul tells Timothy to preach the word and that there will be a time in which the word will not be endured [put up with] (4:1-5).
J. Paul’s last words (4:6-8).
K. Paul closes his letter to Timothy by asking him to come, telling Timothy he was alone outside of being with Luke, showing once again his faith in the Lord, a closing request to salute brethren, and for Timothy to come before winter (4:9-22).
Second Timothy Chapter One
Back to Textual Studies
2003 by Brian A. Yeager may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.