I Timothy Introduction

I. Author / Penman of I Timothy

A. Paul clearly pointed out in his second Epistle to Timothy that God is the author of all scriptures (II Timothy 3:16-17).
1. Christ promised the Apostles that the Holy Spirit would come and guide them in all truths (John 16:13).
2. We see clearly throughout the N.T. that this is true (Acts 2:4, I Corinthians 2:9-13, and II Peter 1:20-21).
B. It is undeniable that the book of I Timothy was penned by the Apostle Paul as he identifies himself as the penman in opening the Epistle (I Timothy 1:1).
C. Paulís relationship with Timothy began in Acts 16:1-5.
1. Paulís respect for his upbringing can be noted from II Timothy 1:1-5.
2. Their working relationship is obvious throughout the N.T. (Romans 16:21, I Corinthians 4:17; 16:10, II Corinthians 1:1; 1:19, Philippians 1:1; 2:19, Colossians 1:1, I Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2; 3:6, II Thessalonians 1:1, I Timothy 1:2, and Philemon v.1.

II. Date and History Surrounding the Time This Book Was Penned

A. It is evident that Timothy would have been in Ephesus during the time this letter was penned (I Timothy 1:3).
B. The most likely date of the writing of this Epistle is around 63-66 AD.
1. This was after Paulís first Roman imprisonment (Acts 24-28).
2. I Timothy would have been before his second Roman imprisonment and death that occurred during that imprisonment (II Timothy 2:9; 4:6-8).
C. The Great Fire of Rome begins on July 18.  Nero plays his fiddle as the city burns.
1. Nero is blamed for the fire that destroyed 70% of the city.
2. He in turn blamed Christians and then began a huge persecution on saints: (Duruv, Victor, History of Rome vol. V [1883]; Grant, Michael [translator], Tacitus, The Annals of Imperial Rome, 1989).
3. The events in Rome spur some of the comments Peter wrote at this same time (I Peter 1:6-10) as Nero even used Christians as human torches in his garden.
4. Nero gives control of Cesarea to the Greeks in 66 AD, which began a Jewish revolt.
III. The Book to a Preacher
A. I Timothy like II Timothy and Titus is a book written to a Gospel Preacher.
B. There are many great lessons for preachers of the Gospel to learn from this book; notice just a few:
1. The example of marking false teachers (I Timothy 1:19-20).
2. Instructions relating to prayer (I Timothy 2:1-8).
3. Clarification of the role of women and why (I Timothy 2:9-15).
4. The qualifications of elders (I Timothy 3:1-7).
5. Qualifications of deacons (I Timothy 3:8-13).
6. The need to be aware of apostasy (I Timothy 4:1-2).
7. The need to read and focus on teaching (I Timothy 4:13).
8. The need for preachers to examine themselves (I Timothy 4:16).
9. Instructions on the role of the church in taking care of the widows indeed and the role of individual saints in this matter also (I Timothy 5:2-17).
10. The message of being content and not having the love of money (I Timothy 6:6-11).
11. The fact that we are to fight the good fight of faith (I Timothy 6:12).

First Timothy Chapter One
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2003 by Brian A. Yeager may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.