to I and II Peter
(Part 2: Events, Evidence of the Penman,
and More About Peter)
In part one of this study we learned
a little about who Peter was, how important he was, and the fact that he
was not infallible. These things help us to learn of the penman of
these two great epistles. In this lesson we will learn a little bit
of historical standpoints as well as so final details of the work of Peter.
I. How do we know Peter
was the Penman?
A. Inspiration proclaims
he was the author:
II. When was I & II Peter
written and what was happening in that period of time?
1. I Peter 1:1 “Peter,
an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus,
Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia.”
B. There are many similarities to
Paul’s Epistles, how do we know Paul did not author I and II Peter?
2. II Peter 1:1 “Simon Peter,
a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like
precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour
1. Similar greetings
are found in some of Paul’s writings:
a. Romans 1:7
2. Note some of the similarities
of chapter one of I Peter with the some of the books penned by Paul:
b. I Corinthians 1:3
c. II Corinthians 1:2
d. Galatians 1:3
e. Ephesians 1:2
f. Philippians 1:2
g. Colossians 1:2
h. I Thessalonians 1:1
i. II Thessalonians 1:2
j. I Timothy 1:2
k. II Timothy 1:2
l. Titus 1:4
m. Philemon 1:3
a. I Peter 1:3 and Ephesians
3. Paul could not be the penman
not only because Peter claims such, but also because Peter references Paul
(II Peter 3:15).
b. I Peter 1:5 and Ephesians
c. I Peter 1:14 and Ephesians
d. I Peter 2:1 and Colossians
e. I Peter 3:1 and Ephesians
f. I Peter 5:8 and I Thessalonians
g. I Peter 5:14 and I Corinthians
16:20; Romans 16:16
h. I Peter 5:1 and Romans 8:18
i. I Peter 1:21 and Romans 4:24
j. I Peter 11:13-14 and Romans
4. There are also several similarities
from II Peter to the book of Jude.
A. Location – Peter
in Babylon with Marcus [John Mark] (I Peter 5:13). Not sure where
he was when writing II Peter.
B. Date – since John Mark was
with Peter we know that this Epistle was written after the Colossian letter
1. John Mark was with
Paul during the writing of the Colossian letter (Colossians 4:10).
C. Historic background:
2. Four or five years later
John Mark was in Asia Minor (II Timothy 4:11) coming to Rome with Timothy
upon Paul’s request.
a. So, sometime between
63 – 67 AD John Mark would have been with Peter and thus the dated is fixed
there. According to Historic accounts 64-65 AD would be closer to
b. Most would agree that the
Second Epistle was also penned within a couple of years of the first epistle
because Peter died according to history in 67 AD. The second epistle
proclaimed his life was near end (II Peter 1:14), just as Paul did in his
letter to Timothy (II Timothy 4:6-8).
1. Nero was persecuting
Christians, which explains the context mentioning persecution often.
a. Nero was nightly
burning Christians as torches in his garden.
2. Nero gives control of Cesarea
to the Greeks in 66 AD, which began a Jewish revolt.
b. Peter starts off on this
note (I Peter 1:6-10).
a little more about the penman
A. Peter learned the
lesson of humility as taught by the Lord (John 13:1-6 and I Peter 5:5).
B. Peter was the first to preach
to the Gentiles (Acts 10:1 – 11:18).
C. Peter was an elder (I Peter
1. Again showing he
was married, but also he would have had other qualifications that would
let us learn more of this beloved apostle (Titus 1:6-9 and I Timothy 3:1-7).
History dates the death of the Apostle
Peter at 67 AD, and as stated in lesson one it would be a violent death.
We surely can learn a great deal from our studies of the two epistles he
penned. We can also make notes of the great changes and growth in
this Apostles’ life.
Copyright 2002 by Brian
Yeager may be reproducted for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.