to I and II Peter
(Part 1: About the Penman
- Peter the Friend of Jesus)
In studying the two great books of
I and II Peter it is very important to realize some things about the penman
of these two books. We must also realize that while Peter was the
penman God was the author (II Timothy 3:16-17, II Samuel 23:2, and II Peter
I. Who was Peter?
A. Son of Jona (Matthew
16:17, John 1:42, and John 21:15-17).
B. Peter was from Bethsaida
C. Peter was a fisherman and
the brother of Andrew. Peter was called to be a fisher of men (Matthew
1. Peter was in the
fishing business with James and John the sons of Zebedee (Luke 5:1-10).
D. Peter was called "Cephas"
which means "the stone", when he first met Jesus (John 1:40-42).
1. Peter was not the
rock on which the church would be built (Matthew 16:18). It was Christ
of whom he confessed (Matthew 16:15-17).
E. Peter was married (Matthew 8:14-15,
Mark 1:30, and Luke 4:38-39).
a. Christ is the rock
and chief cornerstone of the church (I Corinthians 10:4 and Ephesians 2:20-21).
II. The importance
A. Each time the Apostles
are named Peter is first (Matthew 10:2-3, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, and
B. Peter saw incredible things
occur during the earthly life of Christ:
1. Transfiguration of
Christ - Matthew 17:1-8, Mark 9:2-13, and Luke 9:28-36).
C. Peter was to feed the sheep (John
2. The Lord being arrested (John
3. The Resurrection of Christ
(Mark 16:7 and I Corinthians 15:5).
4. The Ascension of Christ (Acts
5. Peter was with the Lord during
the Lord's time of weeping (Matthew 26:36-41).
6. Special times of miracles
D. Peter was given the keys
to the Kingdom (Matthew 16:18-19, Luke 24:47, Acts 2:14, and Acts 10:34-43).
III. Peter was not
A. He tried to stand
before the Lord and His goal (Matthew 16:21-23).
B. Peter lacked faith on the
water during the storm (Matthew 14:22-32).
1. We see Peterís growth
in realizing the trial of faith that needs to occur (I Peter 1:5-9).
C. Peter would deny the Lord three
1. As prophesied (Matthew
26:32-35, Mark 14:28-31, Luke 22:31-34, and John 13:37-38).
D. It was Peter once again the tried
to stand in the way of the death of Christ (John 18:1-11).
2. Then fulfilled (Matthew 26:69-75,
Mark 14:66-72, Luke 22:55-62, and John 18:25-28).
E. Paul had to rebuke Peter
Peter was obviously important in what
the Lord had planned after He would leave this earth. Peter would
have to stand and defend the truth an grow a lot of the time he would live
on earth doing the will of God. Peter would die and very violent
death (John 21:18-19 and II Peter 1:14). Historic tradition would
teach us the Peter would have been executed in a head-downward position.
In our next lesson we will learn of the authorship, time surrounding I
and II Peter, and more about the work of this beloved soldier of Christ.
Copyright 2002 by Brian
Yeager may be reproducted for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.