Studies Notes For Galatians
Galatians 1:1 –
Š Paul an Apostle by Jesus and the Father; not of or by men (Acts 9:1-20, I Corinthians 1:1, II Corinthians 1:1, Ephesians 1:1, I Timothy 1:1, I Timothy 2:5-7, and II Timothy 1:1). *Here he establishes his authority.
o The phrase “not of men” (Mark 11:30-33).
o The phrase “by man” (I Corinthians 15:21).
o Paul was chosen later than the others (I Corinthians 15:8-10).
Š God the Father raised Jesus from the dead (Acts 2:22-24, Acts 3:15, Romans 10:9, I Corinthians 6:14, and Hebrews 13:20). Remember, the resurrection is the foundation of our faith (I Corinthians 15:1-19).
Galatians 1:2 –
Š At times, there were brethren with Paul when he wrote (I Corinthians 1:1, II Corinthians 1:1, Philippians 1:1, Philippians 4:21-22, Colossians 1:1-4, I Thessalonians 1:1-2, II Thessalonians 1:1, and Philemon 1:1).
Š This epistle is written to “churches” [congregations] in the area of Galatia. Obviously all of God’s inspired word is good for all men to read and obey (I Thessalonians 5:27 and II Timothy 3:16-17; cf. I Corinthians 16:1-2). Aside from that obvious point, some epistles were to directed to be shared amongst multiple congregations in a certain region (Colossians 4:16 and Revelation 1:4).
Š Efforts to teach the Galatians were certainly made (Acts 16:6, Acts 18:23, II Timothy 4:10, and I Peter 1:1).
Galatians 1:3 –
Š Grace is from God (Acts 20:32, Colossians 1:5-6, II Thessalonians 2:16, and Titus 2:11) and is now also through Christ (Romans 5:15, Ephesians 2:1-5, and I Peter 5:10).
Š Peace is from God (Romans 15:33, I Corinthians 14:33, Colossians 3:15, and Hebrews 13:20) and such is through Christ (Acts 10:36, Romans 5:1, Ephesians 6:23, and Philippians 4:7)
Š Let’s not forget, though not mentioned, that the Holy Ghost also fits these things (Romans 14:17, Romans 15:13, and II Corinthians 13:14).
Galatians 1:4 –
Š Jesus gave Himself for our sins (Matthew 20:28, John 10:17-18, Romans 3:25, Ephesians 5:2, I Timothy 2:5-6, Titus 2:13-14, Hebrews 9:13-17, and I Peter 2:21-24).
Š To deliver us not only from this world (Colossians 1:12-18), but also from the wrath to come (I Thessalonians 1:10).
Š Deliver from this present evil world (John 15:19, John 17:14-17, Romans 12:1-2, II Corinthians 6:14-18, and I John 5:19).
Š According to the will of God the Father (John 4:34, John 5:30, John 6:38, John 8:29, John 12:27-28, John 14:30-31, Hebrews 5:8-9, and Hebrews 10:4-10).
Š Yet, some of them desired to be under the Law (Galatians 4:21), which would nullify the benefits of being in Christ (Galatians 5:4; cf. Acts 13:38-39).
Galatians 1:5 –
Š Glory to God (Psalms 108:5, Jeremiah 13:16-17, Luke 2:14, Luke 17:11-19, Acts 12:1-23, I Corinthians 10:31, Philippians 1:10-11, Philippians 4:20, I Timothy 1:17, Jude 1:25, and Revelation 1:6).
Galatians 1:6 –
Š Paul marveled as it is nearly unbelievable how some people can easily be turned to disbelief of the truth (cf. Mark 6:1-6).
o Understand, the word translated “marvel” is the kind of amazement that occurs when someone sees something like a miracle (Matthew 9:1-8 and Acts 7:30-31).
Š They were “so soon” (Psalms 106:3-14, Luke 8:13, and Galatians 3:1-3) removed (Isaiah 29:13 and II Peter 2:20-22).
Š To another gospel (II Corinthians 11:4). The next verse (Galatians 1:7) will identify that it was a perversion of the Gospel of Christ. More there…
Galatians 1:7 –
Š Not an entirely new teaching, but a perversion of the truth (II Corinthians 2:17, Galatians 5:7-9, Colossians 2:4-8, I Timothy 1:3-7, II Timothy 2:14-18, II Timothy 3:1-9, and II Peter 3:15-17).
o Example: Some preachers know exactly how to preach using the Scriptures. Then, when they want something unauthorized, they will preach a lesson without Scriptures and twist the few they do use (II Peter 3:15-17). W.A. Bradfield’s (preacher of the past among “churches of Christ” that worked with Freed Hardeman University) sermon outlines show this clearly (http://www.wordsoftruth.net/wabradfield2Outlines.pdf).
Š Paul wanted these troublers (cf. Acts 15:1-2 and Acts 15:24), who perverted the Gospel of Christ, to be cut off (Galatians 5:12).
Š Some people throw themselves at those who pervert the truth (Isaiah 30:9-11 and II Timothy 4:2-5).
Galatians 1:8 –
Š Apostles had authority that was to be followed (Acts 2:42, I Corinthians 4:6, I Corinthians 14:37, II Corinthians 5:18-20, and II Thessalonians 3:14-15).
Š However, they could not teach whatever they wanted to teach (Deuteronomy 13:1-3, Galatians 2:11-17, and I Timothy 6:1-5). *More on this in a few more verses (Galatians 1:10-12).
Š Angels were/are subject to God and the truth (Revelation 22:8-9). If they err they were/will be accursed (II Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6).
Š Stick with the truth that had been taught (Proverbs 4:4, Proverbs 4:13, Proverbs 23:23, Matthew 7:21-28, Matthew 28:20, Luke 11:28, I Thessalonians 5:21, and II Timothy 1:13).
Š Anything else is accursed (Deuteronomy 4:2, Deuteronomy 12:32, Proverbs 30:5-6, and Revelation 22:18-19).
Galatians 1:9 –
Š Repeating something is rather emphatic (Philippians 3:1).
Š Repetitiveness is not always because of a negative either (Philippians 4:4, II Peter 1:12, and II Peter 3:1-2).
Galatians 1:10 –
Š There is a way wherein we should please men (Romans 15:1-3).
Š However, when it comes to the truth, compromising to please men is not acceptable (Luke 6:26, Luke 16:15, Acts 4:13-20, Acts 5:27-29, I Thessalonians 2:1-6, James 4:4, Jude 1:3, and II John 1:9-11).
Galatians 1:11-12 –
Š Paul was not teaching his words or the words of any other man (Matthew 10:16-20, John 14:26, John 16:13, I Corinthians 2:9-13, I Corinthians 11:23, Ephesians 3:1-9, I Thessalonians 2:13, and I John 2:27).
Š Even when Paul spoke “his words”, they were by permission of God through the Spirit (I Corinthians 7:6-9; 39-40).
Galatians 1:13 –
Š Paul had a notable past among the Jews (Acts 9:26 and Acts 26:4-5).
Š He persecuted the church of our Lord beyond measure (Acts 9:1-2, Acts 9:13-14, Acts 22:4-5, and I Timothy 1:12-16).
Š He said he “wasted” [destroyed] the church (Acts 8:3-4 and Acts 9:21).
Galatians 1:14 –
Š Paul had a past of being a zealous Jew (Philippians 3:4-6).
Š Zeal doesn’t amount to anything though if it is wrong (Romans 10:1-3).
Š He held to the Jewish traditions, which were very important to the Jews (Matthew 15:1-2).
Š However, those traditions were vain (Matthew 15:7-9 and I Peter 1:18).
Š Traditions are learned from past generations (Jeremiah 9:13-14).
Š Pressure to keep those traditions made it hard for people to leave them (John 12:37-43).
Galatians 1:15 –
Š When it pleased God (Ephesians 1:9).
Š Separated me from my mother’s womb could have similar meaning as to what God said concerning Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:5) and John (Luke 1:13-17).
Š Paul was definitely a chosen vessel (Acts 9:15, Acts 13:1-2, Acts 22:12-16, and II Timothy 1:8-11).
Š Paul’s “calling” was definitely different than how God calls us (II Thessalonians 2:14).
Galatians 1:16 –
Š Jesus being revealed to Paul (Acts 9:3-8).
Š Paul was to preach Christ to the heathen (Romans 1:13-16, Romans 15:16, and Colossians 1:23-29; cf. Mark 16:15-16).
Š Immediately (Acts 9:20-23; cf. Psalms 119:60).
Š He did not confer with man as to what to do (Psalms 118:8 and Galatians 1:10-12).
Galatians 1:17 –
Š He went first to Arabia (which we have no record of) and then back to Damascus. Damascus was a troubling place for Paul (Acts 9:22-25 and II Corinthians 11:32-33).
Š *Remember in early references concerning Paul, his name was Saul. It wasn’t until Acts 13:9 that his name changed.
Galatians 1:18 –
Š Then, after that, he came to Jerusalem (This could be a reference, though it may not be: Acts 9:26-31).
Galatians 1:19 –
Š He saw James, the Lord’s brother (cf. Matthew 13:55).
Š Jesus did not place His physical family any higher than other disciples (Matthew 12:46-50).
Š The siblings of Jesus were not always believers of Him or His works either (John 7:1-7).
Galatians 1:20 –
Š Paul knew the importance of speaking the truth (Acts 26:25, Ephesians 4:15, Ephesians 4:25, and I Timothy 2:7).
Š Paul was not afraid to allow deity to be his witness (Romans 1:9, Romans 9:1, II Corinthians 1:23, II Corinthians 11:31, II Corinthians 12:19, Philippians 1:8, and I Timothy 5:21).
Š They could possible verify these things with the Holy Ghost (I Corinthians 14:37 and I John 2:27).
Galatians 1:21-22 –
Š Paul traveled, preaching, but was mainly known in Judea through reputation rather than bodily presence. When you study the book of Acts you notice that from Acts 9:32-Acts 11:25 you read nothing of Paul. Then, very little until Acts 13 wherein the book of Acts then begins to record more about Paul’s work than any others from that point forward.
Galatians 1:23 –
Š Paul’s actions showed his repentance, which is exactly what God expects of those who turn from sin (Isaiah 1:15-17, Jeremiah 7:3, Ezekiel 14:6, Matthew 3:8, Matthew 12:33, Luke 19:1-10, Acts 26:18-20, James 4:8-10, and Revelation 2:1-5).
Š His reputation is now good (Proverbs 22:1, Ecclesiastes 7:1, and I Peter 2:12).
Galatians 1:24 –
Š Glorified God in him (Matthew 5:14-16, John 15:8, and I Corinthians 1:30-31).
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