I Timothy Brief Study Notes

Chapter Two

Verses 1-2: “I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.”  We begin this chapter with Paul exhorting Timothy about prayer.  He says “first of all” emphasizing the importance of the subject matter he is about to introduce.  Paul then uses four different words describing prayer:

1. Supplications “a seeking, asking, entreating, entreaty to God or to man” (Thayer).  This word suggests the type of prayer we pray when we are in need of something.  A biblical example of this pleading type of prayer would be Jesus’ prayer prior to His being betrayed (Matthew 26:36-44).
2. Intercessions “a falling in with, meeting with; an interview; a coming together; to visit; converse or for any other cause” (Thayer).  This type of prayer would be less urgent than supplications, but more intense than our giving of thanks.  This would be our meditative type of prayer.  This type of prayer is what the Lord explained in Matthew 6:9-13.
3. Prayers “prayer addressed to God” (Thayer).  This would be a general term explaining anytime we address the Lord.
4. Giving of thanks – self defined.  This is the type of prayer offered at meal time or even during the Lord’s Supper (I Corinthians 11:23-26).
After seeing the types of prayers Paul spoke of we must see the instruction in this text relative to the application of these prayers.  Paul’s instruction was to pray in all these ways for all men, kings, and all in authority.  When Paul says to pray for all men he simply is following what the Lord had already taught.  The Lord said we are even to pray for those who use us and persecute us (Matthew 5:44).  It should be our desire, as it is the Lord’s desire (Luke 19:10), for the lost to be saved.  Paul’s instruction is for us also to pray for our government.  Government is sanctioned by the Lord (Romans 13:1-7).  Our reasoning for our prayers needs to be, as Paul concluded, “that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.”

Verses 3-4: “For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour; Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.”  Our prayers for all men and those in authority, are pleasing to the Lord.  The reason it pleases the Lord is because he would have all men to be saved.  Such is the reason Christ died on Calvary’s cross (John 3:16, Romans 5:6-9, and Hebrews 9:22-28).  Christ will return and judgment will commence however, the Lord is being longsuffering towards mankind because He does not want any to perish (II Peter 3:9-10).

 Verses 5-6: “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.”   There is only one God (Ephesians 4:6).  Christ is our only mediator [one who intervenes between two, either in order to make or restore peace and friendship, or form a compact, or for ratifying a covenant; a medium of communication, arbitrator –Thayer].  The humanity of Christ is brought into scope here because of His understanding of our fleshly struggles since He was once in the flesh (Hebrews 4:14-16 and Hebrews 7:22-26).  Our prayers are supposed to be to God the Father (Matthew 6:9) through Christ the Son (Colossians 3:17).  Christ was the ransom [exchange for another as the price of redemption] for all.  He died for everyone.  That message has appeared to all men (Titus 2:11-14).  Unfortunately, all men will not partake in the blessings given to those who will obey (Matthew 7:13-14 and II Thessalonians 1:8-9).

Verse 7: “Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.”  Paul’s primary commission was to the Gentiles (Acts 9:15).  However, that does not mean he exclusively preached to the Gentiles (Acts 13:44-14:1).  The gospel is for all men to obey (Mark 16:15-16 and Romans 1:16).  Paul points out that he preaches the truth in Christ and does not lie.  The word of the Lord is truth (John 17:17), anything taught religiously other than the word of the Lord is a lie.  Paul taught that which was revealed to him (Galatians 1:10-12).  Paul preached the Gospel that he believed in.  It is very obvious when someone is trying to proclaim the word of God when they lack faith in it themselves.

Verse 8: “I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.”  Paul said that men ought to pray everywhere with pure hands.  The point of having holy hands [clean hands] is made very clear by the Prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 1:15-19).  We should never address God in prayer with anger nor should we offer prayer in doubt (James 1:6-8).

Verses 9-10: “In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array; But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.”  Now Paul addresses the women and says “in a like manner also…” in relation to the words that began verse 8 “I will therefore”, Paul’s expression shows that the things he is about to address were not just suggestions, but orders that need to be obeyed.  Paul says that a woman is to adorn [arrange] herself in modest apparel.  Modest apparel is clearly defined in the Bible (Exodus 28:42, Genesis 3:7, and Genesis 3:21).  Paul says this is to be done with shamefacedness [a sense of shame or honor, modesty, bashfulness, reverence, regard for others, respect] and sobriety [soundness of mind].  His exhortation continues by saying not with broided hair [woven hair with ornaments] or gold, pearls, or costly array [clothing].  The idea here is for the woman not to be an outward show drawing attention to herself because of her appearance.

A woman is to spend more time on concentration of spiritual things rather than physical things.  Peter addressed this similarly in I Peter 3:3-4.  Peter stressed on the woman being an ornament [an accessory or something that lends to grace a beauty] of a meek [mild] and quiet spirit [soul].  God looks at us not in the ways that man does (I Samuel 16:7).   When a woman dresses like a harlot she reveals her intentions.  One who is spiritually minded is going to be less worldly in appearance.  A woman’s appearance is to be that which professes godliness.

Verses 11-13:“Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.  But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.  For Adam was first formed, then Eve.”  The word silence here is translated in the ASV 1901 as quietness.  The word here differs from the word used in I Corinthians 14:34.  I Corinthians 14:34-35 reveals that a woman is to be silent [not sound at all] and relates to the collective worship service.  Paul’s teaching here is more general and applies to situations even outside of the assembly.

Of course we can realize by the teaching in theses verses that this is a subject of authority.  Subjection of the woman to the man is a clear Bible topic (I Corinthians 11:3, Ephesians 5:22; 24, and Colossians 3:18).  Paul says the reasoning is that man was first created then woman.  Woman was created to be a help meet for man (Genesis 2:18), not an equal to or power over man.  This certainly is not a demeaning thing for women.  Christ is in submission to the Father and all members of the body of Christ are in submission to Christ; just as the woman is to the man.  Salvation is equally offered to both (Galatians 3:26-29).  However, God has put in place roles of authority that must be followed.  The woman is allowed limited speaking privileges within the mixed assembly.  She is allowed to raise her voice in song as she is lead to do so (Ephesians 5:19).  This is one way in which a woman may join the saints in collective teaching (Colossians 3:16).  However, she is not to lead or teach over the man.  The reason why is to follow in the next verse.

Verse 14: “And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.”  It was Satan that deceived Eve, and Eve who then led her husband in the wrong way (Genesis 3:1-6).  This subject is a sore subject with many, but it is just as clear as any Bible subject.

Verse 15: “Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.”  Even though woman was deceived and was the partaker in sin, she shall be saved through the great blessing of fulfilling the many roles she has.  Childbearing, as one of the clearest roles of a woman that sets her apart from the man, is used here as a synecdoche [part that describes the whole].  The wording used is similar to us saying we come together to break bread (Acts 20:7) describing a part, but meaning we do more in worship.  A woman is saved by fulfilling her God given roles.  One example, for a married woman, is that she is to be a keeper of the home (Titus 2:4-5).

If this were singling out that only women who bear children will be saved, that would leave us with the conclusion that barren women would be lost and without hope, suggesting that the Gospel is only for women who can and have brought forth fruit from the womb.  To suggest such is also to call Paul a false teacher because he did not bind marriage (I Corinthians 7:8-9), and marriage is the only authorized way for men and woman to have a sexual relationship for a woman to have children (Hebrews 13:4).  To suggest that this applies only to Mary is not only to take a Catholic position, but it also breaks this passage from being universal to all women to being in application to only one.  The conclusion of the verse fits the description.  A woman must continue in faith (Revelation 2:10), love (John 14:15), holiness (Ephesians 4:22-24), and a sound mind (I Peter 5:8).

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2003 by Brian A. Yeager may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.