Studies In The Book Of II Corinthians

(II Corinthians 2:1-17)

 

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1. Did Paul want a sorrowful or joyful relationship with the saints in Corinth?

He wanted a joyful relationship: “(1) But I determined this with myself, that I would not come again to you in heaviness.  (2) For if I make you sorry, who is he then that maketh me glad, but the same which is made sorry by me?  (3) And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all” (II Corinthians 2:1-3).

 

Š     In the previous epistle, he gave them a choice (I Corinthians 4:21).

Š     Now, he is choosing when to come based upon how he will have to be when there (II Corinthians 1:23).

Š     There are real concerns that things haven’t changed in Corinth (II Corinthians 12:20-21).

Š     What he’d rather do is find encouragement from Corinth rather than the need to correct them (i.e. Colossians 1:3-8).

 

2. How much was Paul troubled by the problems in Corinth that he had to write them about?

It caused him much affliction and anguish or heart: “For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you” (II Corinthians 2:4).

 

Š     Psalms 119:53, Psalms 119:136, Jeremiah 13:15-17, and Romans 9:1-3.

Š     Such grief is a sign of love (John 11:35-36).

 

3. Once a brother or sister in Christ has been disciplined, is there a point wherein it is time for forgiveness and love to be shown to he or she?

Yes: “(5) But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part: that I may not overcharge you all.  (6) Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many.  (7) So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.  (8) Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him” (II Corinthians 2:5-8).

 

Š     Discipline needed to occur in Corinth (I Corinthians 5:1-13).

Š     Now that such discipline has occurred, there are conditions to be met for forgiveness (Luke 17:3-4).  Once those conditions are met, forgiveness must occur (Ephesians 4:32).

Š     If such forgiveness is there, bitterness can settle in (Hebrews 12:12-15).

Š     Forgiveness and love go hand in hand (I Peter 4:8).

 

4. What did Paul seek proof of from the brethren in Corinth?

Whether or not they would obey ALL things: “For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things” (II Corinthians 2:9).

 

Š     Deuteronomy 8:2, Matthew 7:16; 20, Matthew 12:33, II Corinthians 8:24, and Philippians 2:19-22.

 

5. If the brethren in Corinth forgave a brother or sister who had erred, what would Paul do?

Forgive them also: “To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ” (II Corinthians 2:10).

 

Š     Matthew 18:15-18.

 

6. Is there a benefit in knowing the devices of Satan?

Yes, taking away the advantage by knowing the enemy’s playbook (so to speak): “Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices” (II Corinthians 2:11).

 

Š     We have to be aware (I Peter 5:8) and able to stand against the tricks of evil (Ephesians 6:11-12).

Š     Paul had reason for concern regarding Corinth (II Corinthians 11:3).

 

7. Though Paul had an opportunity to preach in Troas, what caused him to have a restless spirit?

He couldn’t find Titus: “(12) Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ's gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord, (13) I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia” (II Corinthians 2:12-13).

 

Š     Titus was a partner and fellow helper in Christ (II Corinthians 8:23).  A son in the faith (Titus 1:4).

Š     When Titus came to Paul he was comforted (II Corinthians 7:6).

 

8. How did God make known the savour [odor] of His knowledge in every place?

By Paul and those working with him for the cause: “Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place(II Corinthians 2:14).

 

Š     The triumph comes from God through Christ (Romans 8:37 and I Corinthians 15:57).

Š     Knowledge of God is spread through preaching (Romans 10:14-17, Colossians 1:23, and Titus 1:1-3).

 

9. What was the difference in the savour [fragrance] of Paul and his coworkers to those who are saved opposed to those who were to perish?

Sweet to those who are saved while smelling like death to those who perish: “(15) For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: (16) To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things” (II Corinthians 2:15-16)?

 

Š     Unto God a sweet odor (Ephesians 5:2 and Philippians 4:18).

Š     Whether people are saved or lost, it is pleasing to God that the Gospel was preached (I Corinthians 1:17).

Š     A smell of death to the lost (Acts 13:46).

Š     A smell of life for those who will be saved (Acts 8:35-39).

 

10. Were there were many in the first century who corrupted the word of God?

Yes: “For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ” (II Corinthians 2:17).

 

Š     Matthew 24:24, II Corinthians 11:13-15, I Timothy 1:19-20, II Timothy 2:14-18, II Timothy 4:1-5, II Peter 2:1-3, I John 4:1, II John 7, and Jude 3-4.

 

 

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