Studies In The Book Of II Corinthians
1. In what manner did Paul beseech [invoke] the church in Corinth?
By the meekness and gentleness of Christ: “Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold toward you” (II Corinthians 10:1).
Š Beseeching someone or a group of people is about trying to move them in a direction (Exodus 3:18, Romans 12:1, Romans 15:30, I Corinthians 4:16, and I Peter 2:11).
Š One should not conclude that beseeching is the same as rebuking. You can see this in that people did beseech the Lord (Numbers 12:13, II Kings 20:3, and I Chronicles 21:8).
Š Jesus was meek (Matthew 11:29 and Matthew 21:5).
Š Jesus, being our chief Shepherd (I Peter 5:4), was certainly gentle (Isaiah 40:11).
Š We are to be meek and gentle (I Timothy 6:11 and Galatians 5:22-23).
o That does NOT mean we are to be soft in regard to dealing with sin, false teachers, etc. (Matthew 16:21-23, Matthew 23:13-15, Matthew 23:24-26, Acts 17:22-30, Galatians 3:1-3, Ephesians 6:19-20, Titus 1:13, Titus 2:15, and Revelation 2:6).
o When Paul taught the brethren in Thessalonica he taught them with gentleness (I Thessalonians 2:7). Yet, he never used flattery (I Thessalonians 2:5).
Š Like through infirmities (II Corinthians 11:30 and Galatians 4:13), Paul was base when he was among them (I Corinthians 2:3)
Š He had a purpose in writing boldly now that he is not among them (II Corinthians 3:12).
Š That being said, if he comes again to Corinth with them doing wrong, he will not lack boldness (II Corinthians 13:1-3).
Š Because of this, some in Corinth spoke evil of Paul (II Corinthians 10:10).
2. Did some in Corinth think that Paul was carnal in his ways?
Yes: “But I beseech you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh” (II Corinthians 10:2).
Š Paul wanted them to change so that he could come with boldness and confidence rather than in some doubts he has concerning them (II Corinthians 12:20).
Š Being charged as walking after the flesh is not a good thing (Romans 8:1-8, Galatians 5:16-21, and Ephesians 2:1-3).
Š Paul often had those who slandered him (Romans 3:8).
Š This is sad for, you can see through his fruits (Matthew 7:20) that, he was not out for his self but to serve others (II Corinthians 12:15 and I Thessalonians 2:8-11).
3. What type of warfare are we involved in?
Spiritual, not carnal: “(3) For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (4) ( For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)” (II Corinthians 10:3-4).
Š You cannot escape the fact that we live in a carnal world, but that does not mean we have to be of this carnal world (John 17:14-16).
Š We are in a spiritual battle (I Timothy 1:18, I Timothy 6:12, II Timothy 2:3-4, and Jude 3-4).
Š Our mighty weapons are spiritual in nature, not carnal (Ephesians 6:10-18).
4. What should we bring into captivity to the obedience of Christ?
Every thought: “Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ” (II Corinthians 10:5).
Š Casting down that which exalts oneself against the knowledge of God (I Corinthians 1:26-31 and I Corinthians 3:18-20).
Š Worldly, sinful thinking is not a good thing (Proverbs 15:26 and Proverbs 24:9).
Š Thus, we have to learn to think differently (Isaiah 55:7-9, Jeremiah 4:14, and Ephesians 4:22-24).
Š To think toward obedience (Hebrews 5:8-9) rather than self-will (Matthew 16:24-27).
5. Was there a need to deal with the disobedient in Corinth when the others submitted themselves to obedience?
Yes: “And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled” (II Corinthians 10:6).
Š As the context bears out, this is not a carnal revenge. Rather, a readiness to deal with sin in the congregation when everything else was straightened out (I Corinthians 5:1-13 and II Thessalonians 3:6; 14-15).
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